In the strictly oophagous
species, such as the shortfin mako (Isurus oxyrinchus) and the common thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus), multiple embryos per uterus, long gestation periods, and long resting periods (the period between parturition and the next pregnancy) with 1 or 2 years between pregnancies is typical (Mollet et al., 2000; Gilmore et al., 2005; Natanson and Gervelis, 2013).
The general host selection behavior of parasitoid Hymenoptera and a comparison of initial strategies utilized by larvaphagous and oophagous
Some species are confirmed as oophagous
pentadactylus group (sensu Heyer, 1979; 2005) build their foam nests on land in excavated basins and have oophagous
tadpoles (Muedeking and Heyer, 1976; Cardoso and Sazima, 1977; Hero and Galatti, 1990; Hodl, 1990; Gascon, 1991; Aichinger, 1992; Gibson and Buley, 2004; Prado et al., 2005; Silva et al., 2005).
Experiments and stable isotope data strongly suggest that Acesta bullisi is oophagous
, preying upon the lipid-rich eggs (zygotes) released by the host tubeworms.
In the majority of cases, where oophagous
parasitoids have been used to control stink bugs, the most common target species has been Nezara viridula (L.).
The general host selection behaviour of parasitoid hymenoptera and a comparasion of initial strategies utilized by larvaphagous and oophagous
The large number of eggs produced to feed oophagous
young (Wourms, 1977; Gilmore et al., 1983; Gilmore, 1993) could have "flushed" any stored sperm out of the oviducal gland (Pratt, 1993).