op art


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op art

(ŏp), movement that became prominent in the United States and Europe in the mid-1960s. Deriving from abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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, op art includes paintings concerned with surface kinetics. Colors were used to create visual effects, such as afterimages and trompe l'oeil. Vibrating colors, concentric circles, and pulsating moiré patterns were characteristic of op works by such artists as Victor VasarelyVasarely, Victor,
1908–97, French artist, one of the originators of op art, b. Pécs, Hungary. Educated at art institutes in Budapest, Vasarely was profoundly impacted by Bauhaus thought.
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, Richard Anusziewicz, Bridget RileyRiley, Bridget,
1931–, English painter. Associated with the pop art movement, Riley covers large canvases with interlocking bands, undulating curves, scattered discs, or repeated squares or triangles.
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, Yaacov Agam, Larry Poons, and Julian Stanczak. A comprehensive exhibition of op art, entitled "The Responsive Eye," was organized by the Museum of Modern Art, New York City, in 1965.

Op Art

 

(also optical art), an avant-garde current in the fine arts in the 1960’s; one of the late modifications of abstract art. Op art’s origins lie in geometric abstractionism, which was represented initially by V. Vasarely (born 1908), a Hungarian who settled in France in 1930. Vasarely is considered to be the founder of op art. His first experiments in the style date to the 1940’s and 1950’s.

Op art is based on the rhythmic combination of fundamental geometric forms that are repeated many times and that contain one another. Linear, spatial, and color relationships constantly change, thus creating the optical illusion of the simultaneous recession and advancement of planes. Areas of color also seem to move. The optical and decorative effects of op art have been used in industrial graphics, poster art, printing, advertising, textile design, window dressing, and interior design.

REFERENCES

Stoikov, A. “Chto takoe op-art?” In Iskusstvo, 1968, no. 12.
Kuz’mina, M. “Op-art.” In the collection Modernizm. Moscow, 1973. Pages 236–38.
Parola, R. Optical Art: Theory and Practice. New York-Amsterdam-London, 1969.
Barrett, C. Op Art. London, 1970.
References in periodicals archive ?
It comprises 350 rooms which showcase Op Art design, with views of the Burj Khalifa and the coast.
Op Art swept through South America and began to be expressed in new ways by artists from Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, and Venezuela, without making much headway in Colombia and Mexico.
Its mosaic is being moved to the city's new Ikea store after experts said it was a fine example of Op Art, an abstract design made to look as if the pattern is flickering.
Eight twentieth-century art styles are represented in this set: Regionalism, Abstract Expressionism, Color Field, Pop Art, Op Art, Minimalism, Photo Realism, and Installation Art.
op art Retro print satin fabric bag with a novel circular clasp covers new ground for classic Italian shoe (and now handbag) designer Salvatore Ferragamo.
But Garcelle Beauvais, in a bright yellow minidress and impossibly high yellow heels, and Lisa Rinna, bedecked in a brown and cream Op Art retro dress and skinny tan suede boots, apparently did not, and both looked terrific despite choosing color over the almost universal darkness.
The exhibition includes figurative paintings, mythology, op art, sculptural pieces and lively abstract expressionist works.
99 per roll, Graham & Brown (0800 328 8452) 2 Bathroom script paper, from a selection at Homebase (0870 900 8098) 3 Op Art in lilac, pounds 7.
Hay una diferencia basica entre op art y cinetismo: mientras el primero produce obras estaticas que vibran cuando el observador se desplaza frente a ellas, el segundo lleva el movimiento en si mismo.
This activity linked technology, art, and geometry to create a spectacular product that we called Op Art Geometry.
This lesson is useful enough when looking at Necker cubes and op art, but it becomes crucial when we observe the social world around us.