Some time ago, operant conditioning
was more a matter of specialists.
Skinner (1981, 1984) paralleled operant conditioning
with natural selection to stress that in a functional analysis, a mechanistic type of causality does not adequately describe relations among events.
From the previous discussion it should be clear that speech-language pathologists and applied behavior analysts must rely on the operant conditioning
methods to establish S-R relations to carry out language interventions.
is the process by which behavior is modified by manipulation of the contingencies of the behavior (Bushardt, Fowler, and Debnath, 1988; Organ and Hamner, 1982; Skinner, 1971; Skinner, 1969).
To do so, we adapted the procedure of the operant conditioning
of foot kicks used with infants by Rovee-Collier (1984, 1999) and Rovee-Collier and Barr (2001a, 2001b), so that the infants could perceive the tactile consequences of their leg movements.
Superstition: A corollary of the principles of operant conditioning
The system is based on the premise of operant conditioning
theory using a shock as the stimulus to decrease the likelihood of a particular behavior being repeated.
My introductory classes and I benefited by a) experiencing firsthand incidents of aggression, deindividuation, in-group bias and stereotyping; b) applying what they already knew about Operant conditioning
and Social learning to new situations and c) understanding social psychological phenomena through the use of salient example rather than definitions.
As psychologists we assume that FGM is mainly practiced by traditional birth attendants (TBAs) and midwives and rarely by medical doctors as a habit acquired through different learning principles such as operant conditioning
which is learning from the consequences of behaviour.
Therapists teach these parenting behaviors (principles) to parents through the intensive operant conditioning
that occurs during coaching.
Skinner described a society whose managers use operant conditioning
to suppress competitiveness and other undesired behaviors.
Using operant conditioning
, animal trainers will work with the sea lions to provide entertaining and educational performances.