Thanks to this, the X-line works constantly at the optimum operating point
Ahmed Al Shamsi, acting chief operations officer at Abu Dhabi Airports, attributed this slight drop to fact that all airlines are now operating point
to point flights, rather than transit flights, hence the airport is no longer registering any transit passengers in the figures.
Hence continuous oscillation occurs in and around the operating point
at reduced insolation and there is a possibility to deviate from its original operating point
with reduced time response (Yu, Jung, Choi, & Kim, 2004).
Thanks to Multi Sensor Control, the X-line works constantly at the optimum operating point
If the mismatch is large, controller instability can result and in these cases the operating point
grid resolution must be increased or the controller aggressiveness must be reduced.
As can be seen in Figure 6 (a), each circle is the operating point
associated with the UDDS duty cycle.
Therefore, the optimal sequencing of parallel secondary pumps needs to be developed based on the wire-to-water efficiency at any given operating point
, defined by the loop water flow rate and pressure drop.
In addition, the Dynamic Automation Package (DAP) developed by Starlinger keeps the line working at the optimum operating point
, maintaining not only constant production of consistent quality pellets, higher output and greater flexibility in material processing, but also reducing energy consumption.
The compressor module then recalculates its operating point
and calculates a new flow.
The small signal models are obtained using Taylor's series around an operating point
and are expressed as follows:
At each operating point
, lost exergy across each thermoacoustic segments is matched against available experimental results.
This series is said to combine operating point
optimization of the drive system, including a water-cooled three-phase motor and high-efficiency gear unit, with a completely redesigned processing section.