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inflammation of the eye, often including the conjunctiva
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a predominantly noninfectious inflammation of the membranes of the eye. Inflammations may arise in the conjunctiva and the cornea under the action of certain types of radiation, for example, electricity, which causes electric ophthalmia in welders and cinematographers, and reflected light, which causes snow blindness in arctic explorers and mountain climbers who fail to use protective goggles. Inflammations also occur when foreign bodies enter the eye.

“Ophthalmia” also refers to sympathetic irritations of the eye, which arise in one eye with penetrating wounds of the other eye, and to metastatic ophthalmia—a purulent inflammation that originates in a distant inflammatory focus. Ophthalmia is treated by removing any foreign bodies or by eliminating the underlying cause of inflammation.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the eye, especially involving the conjunctiva.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
There is no evident explanation, but we can relate this situation with the physiopathology of sympathetic ophthalmia. Sympathetic ophthalmia is a rare bilateral granulomatous uveitis due to trauma or surgery in one eye [30].
Sympathetic ophthalmia is a kind of inflammation of both eyes following trauma to one eye.
(6) The disease process is believed to be similar to that of sympathetic ophthalmia. (1)
sonchifolia), the Lilac tassel flower belonging to the family Asteraceae with the local name of Muyalchevian in Kerala state of India, is an edible plant used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine for the treatment of gastropathy, diarrhoea, ophthalmia, nyctalopia, cuts and wounds, intermittent fevers, pharyngodyma and asthma (Nair and Chopra 1996).
NIU is an isolated disease or associated with systemic illnesses including Behcet's disease, granulomastosis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, sarcoidosis, or sympathetic ophthalmia. The prevalence of NIU is 4.8 per 10,000, a level which qualifies EYS606 for an orphan-drug designation.
The presence of bacteria in eye could lead to bacterial retinitis, conjunctivitis, keratitis, neonatal ophthalmia, hordeolum (swelling of the eyelid due to infection of the glands) and blepharitis (Quinn et al., 2002).
However, 27 (41.53%) infants had respiratory tract infection, 3 (4.62%) had diarrhea, 3 (4.62%) had ophthalmia neonatorum, and another 3 (4.62%) had malaria.
Ophthalmia neonatorum (neonatal conjunctivitis) can be easily prevented with prophylactic administration of topical antimicrobial drugs, as recommended by global guidelines for the management of sexually transmitted infections (1).
The teenager, who is now back in Palestine told Gulf News he suffered from ophthalmia (an inflammatory eye condition) after toxic chemicals entered his eye when he was playing under a construction site in his home town of Em-Daar, near Jenin, at the age of seven.
Mamoon had been suffering from an inflammatory eye condition called ophthalmia since he was one year old, which left him depressed and "scared away" his friends.