Ophthalmoplegia

(redirected from ophthalmoplegic)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ophthalmoplegia

 

a paralysis of one or more cranial nerves by which the eye muscles are innervated. Ophthalmoplegia may be congenital—a result of underdevelopment of the nuclei of the oculomotor nerves—or acquired as a sequela of inflammatory, toxic, or traumatic lesions in the brain. It can occur in one or both eyes.

Several forms of ophthalmoplegia are distinguished. External ophthalmoplegia is a paralysis of the external ocular muscles with retention of function in the internal muscles. Internal ophthalmoplegia is a paralysis of the internal ocular muscles with retention of function in the external muscles. Total ophthalmoplegia is a paralysis of both internal and external muscle groups. With the external form, the eyeball becomes rigid, although the pupillary reaction to light is not affected. With the internal form, the movements of the eyeball remain normal, but the pupillary reaction disappears and accommodation and convergence are impaired. Ophthalmoplegia is treated by eliminating the underlying cause.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Childhood steroid-responsive ophthalmoplegic migraine.
Ophthalmoplegic migraine: inflammatory neuropathy with secondary migraine?
MRI findings in pediatric ophthalmoplegic migraine: a case report and literature review.
CT brain was normal in 6 patients with IIH, 4 cases with ophthalmoplegic migraine, 2 cases with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome, 2 patients with pontine infarct, 2 patients with multiple sclerosis, 2 patients with INO and in 1 patient with Claude's syndrome, but their MRI showed abnormalities.
In a study by Pamela Y Blake et al with 50 patients of isolated third nerve palsy, 18 patients were with diabetic third nerve palsy and none of them showed MR changes and in among those who showed MRI changes, 2 had brainstem infarct, 2 had caroticocavernous aneurysm, 1 had ophthalmoplegic migraine and 1 had aneurysm.
Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings in ophthalmoplegic migraine.
(5.) Bharucha DX, Campbell TB, Valencia I, Hardison HH, Kothare SV MRI findings in pediatric ophthalmoplegic migraine: A case report and literature review.
Ophthalmoplegic migraine with reversible enchancement of intraparenchymal abducens nerve on MRI.
Residual and persistent Adie's pupil after pediatric ophthalmoplegic migraine.
Ophthalmoplegic migraine presenting in infancy: A self-reported case.
Oculomotor ophthalmoplegic migraine: Is it really migraine?
Oculomotor nerve schwannoma mimicking ophthalmoplegic migraine.