opiate drug


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opiate drug,

any of a group of drugs derived from opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. Used medicinally to relieve pain and induce sleep, they include codeinecodeine
, alkaloid found in opium. It is a narcotic whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphine. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abuse.
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, morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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, the morphine derivative heroinheroin
, opiate drug synthesized from morphine (see narcotic). Originally produced in 1874, it was thought to be not only nonaddictive but useful as a cure for respiratory illness and morphine addiction, and capable of relieving morphine withdrawal symptoms.
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, and, formerly, laudanumlaudanum
, tincture, or alcoholic solution, of opium, first compounded by Paracelsus in the 16th cent. Not then known to be addictive, the preparation was widely used up through the 19th cent. to treat a variety of disorders.
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. Sometimes included in the group are certain synthetic drugs that have morphinelike pharmacological action. All opiates are considered controlled substances by U.S. law and are available only by prescription. Heroin is not available legally at all in the United States. See also narcoticsnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Because buprenorphine has high affinity and slowly dissociates from the receptors, it can "block" or prevent other opiate drugs with lesser receptor affinity but higher intrinsic activity, such as heroin, from reaching the receptor and producing an opiate effect.
For example, different ICU units used different mixtures of sedative and opiate drugs at varying doses.
Pain specialists and other doctors need to educate themselves regarding the value of medical marijuana for pain control, particularly in regard to reducing the harm caused by opiate drugs.
He died on May 1, 2009, at home in Henderson, Nevada, from an adverse reaction to the opiate drug hydromorphone which he was prescribed for chronic pain.
Reporter Tony Barnes tested positive for an opiate drug like heroin - but the suspect chemicals were traced back to the poppy seed sandwich he had eaten earlier.
LOS ANGELES, April 8, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Family members and caregivers of individuals with opiate drug addiction problems heaved a sigh of relief earlier this month when the FDA announced it was issuing fast-track approval to Evzio (naloxone hydrochloride), an injectable medication that can be administered to someone who is known or suspected to have had an overdose of opioid drugs.
Peter Shumlin used his entire state of the state address earlier this month to focus on heroin and opiate drug addiction.
Blood tests also confirmed the presence of amphetamines, barbiturates, Valium, marijuana and an opiate drug in his system.
For example, Worcester received a three year, $300,000 grant to provide educational and other services to opiate drug abusers.
BW HealthWire)--March 17, 1999--Beckman Coulter recently introduced a new Opiate drug of abuse reagent with a 2000 ng/mL cut-off for opiate metabolites.
The current study found that chronic exposure to the opiate drug morphine made locus ceruleus neurons more sensitive to CRF than they had been previously.
Leri found that rats that previously self-administered opiates plus ultra-low-dose opioid antagonists showed significantly reduced "drug-seeking" behavior compared to rats that self-administered the same amount of the opiate drug.