opiate drug


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opiate drug,

any of a group of drugs derived from opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. Used medicinally to relieve pain and induce sleep, they include codeinecodeine
, alkaloid found in opium. It is a narcotic whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphine. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abuse.
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, morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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, the morphine derivative heroinheroin
, opiate drug synthesized from morphine (see narcotic). Originally produced in 1874, it was thought to be not only nonaddictive but useful as a cure for respiratory illness and morphine addiction, and capable of relieving morphine withdrawal symptoms.
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, and, formerly, laudanumlaudanum
, tincture, or alcoholic solution, of opium, first compounded by Paracelsus in the 16th cent. Not then known to be addictive, the preparation was widely used up through the 19th cent. to treat a variety of disorders.
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. Sometimes included in the group are certain synthetic drugs that have morphinelike pharmacological action. All opiates are considered controlled substances by U.S. law and are available only by prescription. Heroin is not available legally at all in the United States. See also narcoticsnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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References in periodicals archive ?
For example, different ICU units used different mixtures of sedative and opiate drugs at varying doses.
Pain specialists and other doctors need to educate themselves regarding the value of medical marijuana for pain control, particularly in regard to reducing the harm caused by opiate drugs.
A CO-PROXAMOL is a combination of paracetamol and a synthetic opiate drug.
Worcester police reported 328 opiate drug overdoses in the city, with eight confirmed overdose deaths, in 2013.
Specifically, I suggest an executive order or seeking a congressional mandate if necessary barring any doctor from prescribing either opiate drug to a patient who has no history of having had a prescription for either drug, and
He died on May 1, 2009, at home in Henderson, Nevada, from an adverse reaction to the opiate drug hydromorphone which he was prescribed for chronic pain.
Codeine is by far the most widely-used opiate drug in the world and one of the most common painkillers.
Reporter Tony Barnes tested positive for an opiate drug like heroin - but the suspect chemicals were traced back to the poppy seed sandwich he had eaten earlier.
Codeine is the most widely used opiate drug. It can be extracted directly from the opium poppy but is usually synthesised from morphine, which is far more abundant in the plant.
Blood tests also confirmed the presence of amphetamines, barbiturates, Valium, marijuana and an opiate drug in his system.
Peter Shumlin used his entire state of the state address earlier this month to focus on heroin and opiate drug addiction.
For example, Worcester received a three year, $300,000 grant to provide educational and other services to opiate drug abusers.