Taylor, Lewis, and Haider-Markel examine the rise of the transgender rights movement and investigate how it is managing to operate so successfully despite its marginalized status within the current political opportunity structure
. After reviewing foundational concepts of social movements and discussing the concept of transgender in order to clarify the nature and origin of the transgender rights movement, they cover public attitudes on transgender rights, the political opportunity structure
and transgender rights, and transgender policy.
Linking macrolevel spatial analyses to microlevel social movement practices, I build a tentative middle-range framework, spatial opportunity structure
, to account for spatial politics in collective actions.
The political opportunity structure
paradigm in social movement research states that political opportunities shaped by access to the political system or alliance and conflict structures influence the choice of protest strategies and the impact of social movements on their environment.
The Secretary concluded with four ideas he is "convinced would both transform our children's opportunity structure
and, just as importantly, help them believe that they have a future," including broader access to early childhood education and meaningful incentives for great teachers to work in high-poverty schools, as well as mentorships and support for job creation in poor neighborhoods.
Given his broad conception of the opportunity structure
, claims of an unpermissive environment could deflect any evidence that disconfirms a hypothesis.
Fishkin describes bottlenecks as narrow spaces in the opportunity structure
through which people must pass if they hope to reach a range of opportunities on the other side (p.
The inclusion of National Outlook and Shas in coalition governments created a political opportunity structure
and granted them crucial state resources.
The U-2 episode raises questions about how we think about the "opportunity structure
" of presidential leadership.
But the legislators and regulators enacting these new protections were responding to pervasive problems they observed in the opportunity structure
of our society--problems of a particular kind that I call bottlenecks.
Broken down into its basic components, our integrated theoretical framework entails (1) the institutionalized conflation of successful policing with noble, masculine crime fighting which, while promoted and reinforced at the level of the cultural complex, is likely an extension of enduring (though perhaps undesirable) psychological mechanisms; and (2) the opportunity structure
that reflects the variable extent to which communities and all facets of the criminal justice system are able to support officers in their fight against crime.
This argument can also be understood in the light of Milton Esman's 'political opportunity structure