opsonize

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opsonize

[′äp·sə‚nīz]
(immunology)
To render microorganisms susceptible to phagocytosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fc- receptor presence amplifies the phagocytic action along with carnage method of opsonized antigens by macrophages (Yamamoto and Johnston, 1984).
The adjuvant property of CR2 in B cell activation and Ab production via recognition of C3d(g) opsonized antigens has been thoroughly studied in the last decades mainly in mice [3, 7].
The strains were categorized into three groups-non-opsonized, 1-50 per cent opsonized and 51-100 per cent opsonophagocytosed.
Macrophages were harvested after 5 days and the phagocytic activity was determined using opsonized SRBC (Mehera and Vaidya, 1993) and compared with the macrophages isolated from the untreated vehicle control.
Additionally, to examine in vivo effects of NP, we also analyzed the effects of NP itself and the synergistic effects of NP and a typical inflammatory agent, opsonized zymosan, on human whole blood including neutrophils.
There is activation of complement in the new host, and the promastigotes are opsonized and phagocytized by macrophages.
The data obtained from this nvestigation suggested that the non opsonized particles of ALCAP and TCP materials exhibited an increase in cell number at both the 48 and 72 hour phases.
The engulfment percentage of opsonized and unopsonized SRBCs co- incubation was calculated with some modifications.
SR-A may function to engulf bacteria, viruses, and harmful substances opsonized by CRP in a context of innate immunity.
The same authors reported that MBL opsonized HIV exhibited a 6-fold higher uptake by monocytes.
3,4] Antiplatelet antibodies have been demonstrated to entice the neutrophilic granulocytes to ingest suitably opsonized platelets.