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see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The sonically dramatic form of response follows a crash of a cymbal and performs the optative function of willing and wishing South Africa (Azania) into becoming another name in the list of newly-liberated countries.
In fact, I would judge all the remaining perfect optatives of (211)-(213) to be cupitive with the single exception of X.
i) There are four suffixes that are used only in simple affirmative TAM forms, two of them in indicative forms (Definite Future, Intentional Future), one in the Imperative and one in the Optative.
The Spanish subjunctive and the Albanian optative express desire with similar semantic features, however, they are expressed with different syntactical structures.
Risking the dangers of schematization, one could say that if narrative often, though of course not always, involves a story that is set in the past (which differs of course from the time of discourse) and located in a mimesis of physical space ("it happened in this place") and lyric often the mode that focuses on the lyric present or overlapping time schemes and a mimesis of mental space ("it is happening in my mind"), the hybrids in question are typically optatives located both in the mind in the present and in a physical space that may exist in the future.
The subjectless verb-initial sentence type is characteristic of optatives.
Characteristically for a philosopher, I have focussed on language that is assertoric; but similar lines of thought can be applied to optatives which express preferences--wishes or wants--rather than beliefs.