The sonically dramatic form of response follows a crash of a cymbal and performs the optative
function of willing and wishing South Africa (Azania) into becoming another name in the list of newly-liberated countries.
Dahl applies these criteria to both telic and atelic verbs in all five moods of the present, aorist, and perfect stems (indicative, subjunctive, optative
, imperative, and injunctive) as well as to their participles and concludes that the present system possesses neutral aspect, the aorist perfective aspect, and the perfect anterior aspect.
See, e.g., the discussion of optatives
, conditions, and predictives in Tzvetan Todorov, The Poetics of Prose, 114-116.
, and (in early Vedic) subjunctives to desideratives are not rare, and again it might have helped to refine his views on the function of the desiderative if he had examined the interaction between the inherent "desiderativity" of the stem and particular modal deployments of it.
Allah is "God," but sometimes "Allah," and the pronoun is "he." Rabb is "lord." Elsewhere Sells has written that the divine name a!Haqq "has no innate status as a proper noun but can borrow such status from context." (21) In EIM the name is translated as "the real." To avoid always using a masculine pronoun and capital letters for the divine being, Sells uses "it" and "he" when the antecedent is "the real" even though he has capitalized the optatives
that follow all divine referents in the originals.
348f.), but also for the injunctive meanings of yaqtul, as in purpose clauses or as optatives
176 the author gives examples of certain non-core uses of the perfect which are problematic to a tense analysis, viz., its use in conditionals and optatives
, and with present perfect connotation.
For the other subordinators the coverage is, not surprisingly, less thorough, but all examples with optatives
and subjunctives seem to have been examined.