optometry


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optometry

(ŏptŏm`ətrē), eye-care specialty concerned with eye examination, determination of visual abilities, diagnosis of eye diseases and conditions, and the prescription of lenses and other corrective measures. In most states optometrists may prescribe drugs for the treatment of eye diseases. The principal concern of early optometrists was the prescription of corrective lenses for defects of vision due to refractive error. Modern optometry also includes the fitting of contact lenses and of telescopic eyeglasses as an aid to the near-blind, as well as the field of orthoptics, i.e., the practice of strengthening the eye muscles and improving their coordination by eye exercises. Prescriptions for corrective lenses provided by an optometrist are often brought to an opticianoptician,
filler of prescriptions for and dispenser of corrective lenses. An optician may grind lenses as instructed by the prescription of an optometrist (see optometry) or ophthalmologist (see ophthalmology) or transcribe the instructions for laboratory mechanics.
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, who grinds and fits the lenses.

The word optometry came into use in 1904 with the organization of the American Optometric Association. Until this time people bought eyeglasses from traveling vendors whose activities were not supervised. With the passage of optometry laws, this method of dispensing glasses was prohibited. Optometrists must now fulfill certain educational requirements and be examined and licensed by the state. Some of the schools of optometry in the United States are affiliated with colleges or universities. Optometry is a specialty requiring a four-year postgraduate professional degree. See also ophthalmologyophthalmology
, branch of medicine specializing in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders, vision measurements for glasses (refraction), eye muscle exercises (orthoptics), and the
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).

optometry

[äp′täm·ə·trē]
(medicine)
Measurement of visual powers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Optometry programme lead Joy Myint confirmed that the University of Hertfordshire enrolled 52 students onto its optometry course last month.
Linden Optometry has been providing vision care to children and adults in Pasadena for almost 60 years.
Olga Prenat, optician and optometrist and Dean of HOYA Faculty: "HOYA is very proud to be the headline sponsor of the annual European Academy of Optometry and Optics' conference in Budapest this year.
Claire, who has just achieved a first class honours degree in optometry, said: "I am overwhelmed at being short-listed for student of the year.
Jason's decision to start his own website discussing life as a first-year optometry student paved the way for his success and formed the basis for his official AOP student blog.
Kent Daum, from the Illinois College of Optometry, will be vice dean.
Maslovitz was a graduate of the University of Illinois, Northern Illinois University and the Pennsylvania College of Optometry.
Despite the need for optometry services, Rugaber said he realized early on that getting people to accept this form of eye care would be a difficult challenge.
1 -- 2 -- color) Above, Jacob Schofield, newly discharged from the Army, gets a hug Wednesday from his mom, lab assistant Juli New, when he stops in at the Optometry Center in Santa Clarita.
He was a member of the Oregon Association of Optometry, Temple Beth Israel and Springfield Lions.
Peter Shaw-McMinn, assistant professor at Southern California College of Optometry and a member of the Better Vision Institute advisory board.