optometry


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optometry

(ŏptŏm`ətrē), eye-care specialty concerned with eye examination, determination of visual abilities, diagnosis of eye diseases and conditions, and the prescription of lenses and other corrective measures. In most states optometrists may prescribe drugs for the treatment of eye diseases. The principal concern of early optometrists was the prescription of corrective lenses for defects of vision due to refractive error. Modern optometry also includes the fitting of contact lenses and of telescopic eyeglasses as an aid to the near-blind, as well as the field of orthoptics, i.e., the practice of strengthening the eye muscles and improving their coordination by eye exercises. Prescriptions for corrective lenses provided by an optometrist are often brought to an opticianoptician,
filler of prescriptions for and dispenser of corrective lenses. An optician may grind lenses as instructed by the prescription of an optometrist (see optometry) or ophthalmologist (see ophthalmology) or transcribe the instructions for laboratory mechanics.
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, who grinds and fits the lenses.

The word optometry came into use in 1904 with the organization of the American Optometric Association. Until this time people bought eyeglasses from traveling vendors whose activities were not supervised. With the passage of optometry laws, this method of dispensing glasses was prohibited. Optometrists must now fulfill certain educational requirements and be examined and licensed by the state. Some of the schools of optometry in the United States are affiliated with colleges or universities. Optometry is a specialty requiring a four-year postgraduate professional degree. See also ophthalmologyophthalmology
, branch of medicine specializing in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders, vision measurements for glasses (refraction), eye muscle exercises (orthoptics), and the
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).

optometry

[äp′täm·ə·trē]
(medicine)
Measurement of visual powers.
References in periodicals archive ?
This latest Voice of Optometry survey offers a unique opportunity for AOP members to share their thoughts and experiences.
The conference which opened on Monday saw over 1,350 of the world's optometry leaders, clinicians, vision science professionals, and educators participating.
Ophthalmology Summit 2018 also acts as a platform to exchange information, new interventions and strengthen the collaboration among Ophthalmologists, Orthoptists, Researchers, Associate Professors, and Scholars from both academia and ophthalmic Institutes and optometry organizations.
Carmen Abesamis-Dichoso also said they had applied for accreditation as a CPD provider in October last year but the CPD Council for Optometry continued to defer their application.
The SUNY College of Optometry is a leader in education, research and patient care, evidenced by the thousands of optometrists who got their start here," Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul said.
Miller said, "Through the generous support of optometrists like Linden Optometry P.
Claire, who has just achieved a first class honours degree in optometry, said: "I am overwhelmed at being short-listed for student of the year.
Prof P K Sai Prakash - Principal,Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry, L V Prasad Eye Institute said, "BLSO provides a varied and ideal learning environment.
He said it would be a "very prestigious" move for MCPHS because NECO is the oldest continually operating college of optometry in the country.
Jason's decision to start his own website discussing life as a first-year optometry student paved the way for his success and formed the basis for his official AOP student blog.
He co-authored a chapter on international optometry in a public health optometry textbook.