optometry


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optometry

(ŏptŏm`ətrē), eye-care specialty concerned with eye examination, determination of visual abilities, diagnosis of eye diseases and conditions, and the prescription of lenses and other corrective measures. In most states optometrists may prescribe drugs for the treatment of eye diseases. The principal concern of early optometrists was the prescription of corrective lenses for defects of vision due to refractive error. Modern optometry also includes the fitting of contact lenses and of telescopic eyeglasses as an aid to the near-blind, as well as the field of orthoptics, i.e., the practice of strengthening the eye muscles and improving their coordination by eye exercises. Prescriptions for corrective lenses provided by an optometrist are often brought to an opticianoptician,
filler of prescriptions for and dispenser of corrective lenses. An optician may grind lenses as instructed by the prescription of an optometrist (see optometry) or ophthalmologist (see ophthalmology) or transcribe the instructions for laboratory mechanics.
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, who grinds and fits the lenses.

The word optometry came into use in 1904 with the organization of the American Optometric Association. Until this time people bought eyeglasses from traveling vendors whose activities were not supervised. With the passage of optometry laws, this method of dispensing glasses was prohibited. Optometrists must now fulfill certain educational requirements and be examined and licensed by the state. Some of the schools of optometry in the United States are affiliated with colleges or universities. Optometry is a specialty requiring a four-year postgraduate professional degree. See also ophthalmologyophthalmology
, branch of medicine specializing in the anatomy, function and diseases of the eye. Ophthalmologists specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of eye disorders, vision measurements for glasses (refraction), eye muscle exercises (orthoptics), and the
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).

optometry

[äp′täm·ə·trē]
(medicine)
Measurement of visual powers.
References in periodicals archive ?
David Quigley, chair of Optometry Scotland, said:"The Scottish Health Awards continue to go from strength to strength and we're pleased to be supporting this exciting event for a third year running.
"Optometry is such a vital part of health care as eye tests are about so much more than vision - in fact, they can provide a crucial indicator of underlying conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes."
More information on the AOP's Voice of Optometry survey can be found at www.aop.org.uk/voice
They will provide first-, second- and third-year optometry students the opportunity to examine a wide range of clinically relevant cases as they are learning the disease processes in class," said John P.
James Carson III, a 2013 graduate of Salus University School of Optometry in Philadelphia, PA.
"Having such a cutting-edge machine at NSU's Oklahoma College of Optometry will give students and residents even more experience with laser treatments for various ocular conditions, as well as benefit individual patients in our community who will now have a safe potential alternative treatment for certain chronic eye conditions that may severely limit their quality of life."
The conference which opened on Monday saw over 1,350 of the world's optometry leaders, clinicians, vision science professionals, and educators participating.
Carmen Abesamis-Dichoso also said they had applied for accreditation as a CPD provider in October last year but the CPD Council for Optometry continued to defer their application.
According to Clive Miller, CEO of Optometry Giving Sight, there are over 600 million people around the world who are blind or vision impaired simply because they don't have access to an eye exam and a pair of glasses.
Claire was a key member in setting up the optometry society at the university and has organised charity events for Vision Aid Overseas, British Heart Foundation and Fight for Sight helping to raise more than PS3,000.
If you must wear contacts for medical reasons, talk to a Doctor of Optometry about best options and wear appropriate eye protection as well.
Andhra Pradesh, March 17 -- LVPEI's Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry (BLSO) was adjudged the "Best Optometry Institute" in India at the Vision Plus awards ceremony by Four Plus Media.