Orbital Index


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orbital index

[′ȯr·bəd·əl ′in‚deks]
(anthropology)
The ratio of the orbital height, taken at right angles to the orbital width between the upper and lower orbital margins, times 100, to the orbital width, taken between the maxillofrontale and lateral margin of the orbit in such a manner that the line of the orbital width bisects the plane of the orbital entrance.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Orbital Index

 

the percentage ratio of the height of the orbit—the eye opening in the human skull—to the width. Chamaeconchy is characterized by an orbital index under 75.9; the orbital index in mesoconchy ranges from 76.0 to 84.9; and indexes of 85.0 or higher result in hypsiconchy. High orbits are typical of the majority of Mongoloid peoples, while Tasmanians and Melanesians usually have very low orbits. In women the width of the orbits is considerably less than in men, whereas the sex difference in orbital is less dramatic. In children the orbital index is higher and the relative size of the orbits is greater than in adults.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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