The axial image including the thickest lens was chosen, and a line between the lateral orbital rims
was drawn; then, the perpendicular distance between the corneal apex and this line was defined as the 2D CT exophthalmos.
Two small incisions are made: one in the point were the two major incision founds, and the second parallel to the orbital rim
Together they form the inferior orbital rim
and comprise the majority of the orbital floor.[1,6,14-24]
Orbital ligament was found on the superior lateral orbital rim
, the zygomatic ligament on the malar eminence and the mandibular ligament on the parasymphysial area (Fig.
When it comes to using neuromodulators, it's important to remember that men have flatter, more low-set brow lines that rest along the orbital rim
Nafziger's sign (Protrusion of the eye beyond the orbital rim
when examined from above and behind the patient) was positive bilaterally.
After applying a force stronger than 14000 N, destruction encompassed also the orbital rim
[1, 2, 5, 6].
(6,16,17) The most common radiologic finding on CT was bony defect of lamina papyracea and/or medial superior orbital rim
. (18) Surgical treatment is indicated for these cystic lesions.
Floor fractures can be approached through a transconjunctival incision (inferior fornix) with a lateral canthotomy extension for wider exposure, an infraciliary skin/muscle blepharoplasty route, or a skin incision directly over the inferior orbital rim
. The transconjunctival approach first appeared in the literature in the early 1900s as a cosmetic procedure for the treatment of fat herniation in the lower eyelids.
Distance between orbital rim
to infraorbital foramen.
When suturing of incision was completed then needle was pierced from medial site to outside at outer margin and orbital rim
at its original point.
Small amounts of hyaluronic acid fillers injected with a 22- to 25-gauge cannula both above and below the eyebrow along the orbital rim
provide an instantaneous lifting effect with long-lasting results.