organic farming


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organic farming,

the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides, feed that is produced using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers, and the like. Organic farmers and gardeners use short-lived, biodegradable pest-killers, biological pest control, rotation of crops, and manure and compost to control pests and provide plant nutrients. In the United States, as elsewhere, awareness of the environmental damage and threats to health (see pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; environmentalismenvironmentalism,
movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through conservation of natural resources, prevention of pollution, and control of land use. The philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the United States were established by Thomas Jefferson,
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) caused by DDT, dieldrin, and other insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
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 and by the excessive use of chemical fertilizers fostered interest in organic gardening, particularly among home gardeners. Organic farming on a large scale is both more difficult and more costly than standard commercial farming, but an increasing market for organically grown, or "natural," foods supports a growing commercial organic farming sector in the United States. See also Integrated Pest ManagementIntegrated Pest Management
(IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides.
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; organic foodorganic food,
food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the
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.

Bibliography

See J. I. Rodale et al., ed., The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening (1959, repr. 1971); C. O. Foster, The Organic Gardener (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
The goovernment is promoting organic farming through many schemes and 5.
The facility is intended for training farmers who are engaged in, or want to join, organic farming in the province, Masculino said.
Among the objectives planned to develop organic farming at the regional level, include the exploitation of more acreage, the introduction of the varieties of production, to reach a target of 17,000 ha exploited in organic farming by the end of 2017.
At its present state, the local government's organic farming incentive scheme is exclusive to rice production where farmers gets Php2 per kilo of organic palay produced.
Ariel Mosquete, 43, of Barangay Tuburan and one of the beneficiaries, said he went into organic farming for health reasons.
Cultural practices during organic farming are performed from seed sowing up to harvesting of crops.
74 hectares ( almost twice the size of Mumbai) was used for organic farming during that period.
I hope that our legislators will celebrate that organic farming is poised to become the backbone of Oregon's economic health.
Mr Evans was giving evidence to the Environment and Sustainability Committee's inquiry on organic farming.
Organic farming is a kind of panacea to many ills of our world.
Continuing to encourage farmers to convert to producing more organic food will only reduce the premiums available in a declining market, so threatening existing, successful organic farming businesses.
He noted that in the past, there was no regulatory tool to punish the violators involved in the organic farming activities in the Kingdom.

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