organic farming

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organic farming,

the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides, feed that is produced using synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or fertilizers, and the like. Organic farmers and gardeners use short-lived, biodegradable pest-killers, biological pest control, rotation of crops, and manure and compost to control pests and provide plant nutrients. In the United States, as elsewhere, awareness of the environmental damage and threats to health (see pollutionpollution,
contamination of the environment as a result of human activities. The term pollution refers primarily to the fouling of air, water, and land by wastes (see air pollution; water pollution; solid waste).
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; environmentalismenvironmentalism,
movement to protect the quality and continuity of life through conservation of natural resources, prevention of pollution, and control of land use. The philosophical foundations for environmentalism in the United States were established by Thomas Jefferson,
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) caused by DDT, dieldrin, and other insecticidesinsecticides,
chemical, biological, or other agents used to destroy insect pests; the term commonly refers to chemical agents only. Chemical Insecticides

The modern history of chemical insecticides in the United States dates from 1867, when Paris green proved
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 and by the excessive use of chemical fertilizers fostered interest in organic gardening, particularly among home gardeners. Organic farming on a large scale is both more difficult and more costly than standard commercial farming, but an increasing market for organically grown, or "natural," foods supports a growing commercial organic farming sector in the United States. See also Integrated Pest ManagementIntegrated Pest Management
(IPM), planned program that coordinates economically and environmentally acceptable methods of pest control with the judicious and minimal use of toxic pesticides.
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; organic foodorganic food,
food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the
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.

Bibliography

See J. I. Rodale et al., ed., The Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening (1959, repr. 1971); C. O. Foster, The Organic Gardener (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
When using cuttings, 20cm stems with two nodes below the ground and three nodes above the ground are planted at an angle of 450.Use of tithonia plant as organic pesticide and fertiliser: The organic fertiliser is mined from mineral deposits from synthetic compounds and contains N, P and K.
During a meeting with farmers in Samarbagh, the nazim said farmers should opt for organic fertilisers instead of chemical fertilisers to double produce.
With this method, organic fertiliser and chemical create network few feet deep underground.
Biomax organic fertiliser can be customised to the requirements of the crops and can be fortified to boost the nutrient levels.
Al Wahaibi affirmed that the plant will supply organic fertilisers in the local market, thus reducing the Sultanatea€™s imports.
tonnes of organic fertiliser per month produced from garbage
"In this way excellent-quality organic fertiliser is created.
Bone meal is an organic fertiliser that is a good source of phosphorus while for animals, it supplies mainly proteins.
So, we have decided to convert [the wasted food] into organic fertiliser,' he explained, adding that to meet the food supply demands for the ever-growing population, farmers are compelled to produce more food in a shorter time span and for that, they have to use poisonous pesticides and inorganic fertilisers to produce the maximum amount of crop in the shortest amount of time.
The waste from Rewa and Satna urban bodies will be brought to the plant for producing energy and organic fertilisers.
Biomax, one of Singapore's leading science innovators, came up with a breakthrough technology that converts organic by-products into 100% pure powder-form organic fertiliser in one day.
Fertiliser products provider Converted Organics Inc (NASDAQ:COIN) said on Tuesday that the company has signed a licence agreement for the use of its proprietary system for the manufacture of organic fertiliser products by MassOrganics I LLC.