organic food

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organic food,

food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the use of irradiation, biotechnology, and sewer-sludge fertilizer is also banned. Food whose ingredients are at least 95% organic by weight may carry the "USDA ORGANIC" label; products containing only organic ingredients are labeled 100% organic.

Proponents of organic food have claimed that it is more nutritious, safer to eat, and usually tastes better because it contains no synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, hormones, medicated feed, or antibiotics or chemicals used in food processing (see also organic farmingorganic farming,
the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides,
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); these claims are disputed by conventional-food growers and processors. The farming methods used to produce organic foods are also regarded by many as having less of an environmental impact than standard commercial farming methods. Organic foods have become steadily more popular as the public has become more concerned about health risks associated with chemicals in food products. Organic produce is now available in many food outlets, including major supermarket chains. Organic food is generally more expensive because organic farming requires more manual labor and attention.


See D. Steinman, Diet for a Poisoned Planet (1990).

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References in periodicals archive ?
Organic food has grown very popular not only here in the Philippines but in other countries as well like United States, United Kingdom, China, Canada, Romania, Ukraine, Italy, and Cuba.
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Taking place on 20-21 October at Malmo Massan in Malmo, Sweden, the Nordic Organic Food Fair, which is co-located with Diversified UK's award-winning Natural Products Scandinavia trade show, will offer a vibrant showcase of healthy, sustainable, organic delicacies and speciality ingredients from over 100 international organic food and drink suppliers.
BC generated 23% of the value of the national organic food and beverage market, with strong sales across distribution channels.
Bulgarians are developing a taste for organic food with consumption marking a 25% increase per year.
Organic Centre spokesman Neil Pearson said it was a common assumption that organic food was much more expensive than conventionally-farmed produce.
Eating organic food was shown to have no effect on allergies including eczema, or bowel infection.
Gaurav Marya, Managing Director, Francorp said, "The organic food industry has been growing remarkably for the past several years.
The market for organic food continues to expand worldwide at an average rate of 20% annually.
Estimated number of private farms producing organic food in 2010: 20,000, or 3,000 more than in 2009.
Hama, central Syria (SANA) -- Organic food, which is produced naturally without chemical pesticides and fertilizers or hormones, began to gain popularity during the last years of the 20th century, with demand on organic food expected to keep growing.

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