organic food

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organic food,

food raised without chemicals and processed without additives. Under standards adopted by the U.S. Agriculture Dept. (USDA) in 2000 and fully effective in 2002, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides and antibiotics may not be used in raising organic foods, and the use of irradiation, biotechnology, and sewer-sludge fertilizer is also banned. Food whose ingredients are at least 95% organic by weight may carry the "USDA ORGANIC" label; products containing only organic ingredients are labeled 100% organic.

Proponents of organic food have claimed that it is more nutritious, safer to eat, and usually tastes better because it contains no synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, hormones, medicated feed, or antibiotics or chemicals used in food processing (see also organic farmingorganic farming,
the practice of growing plants—especially for fruits and vegetables, but for ornamentals as well—without the use of synthetic pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers, or of raising animals without the use of growth regulators, synthetic pesticides,
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); these claims are disputed by conventional-food growers and processors. The farming methods used to produce organic foods are also regarded by many as having less of an environmental impact than standard commercial farming methods. Organic foods have become steadily more popular as the public has become more concerned about health risks associated with chemicals in food products. Organic produce is now available in many food outlets, including major supermarket chains. Organic food is generally more expensive because organic farming requires more manual labor and attention.

Bibliography

See D. Steinman, Diet for a Poisoned Planet (1990).

References in periodicals archive ?
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY Factors driving the use of biopesticides include increased environmental awareness, the pollution potential and health hazards from many conventional pesticides, as well as increasing global demand for organically grown food.
Organically grown food may or may not be better for man or beast, but a large-scale reversion to organic methods can only lead to massive shortages of food worldwide.
ORGANICALLY grown food crops are up to 70% richer in key antioxidants than conventional counterparts, a study found.
Only organically grown food and clean soil, free from pesticides and herbicides can grow sweet, juicy and strong flavours in fruits and vegetables.
According to Willie Nelson, the Empire state is emblematic of everything Farm Aid represents: commitment to family farming and local, organically grown food.
Fresh, locally grown, even organically grown food can be produced individually or collectively, improving diets and mitigating rising food costs.
Allotments also provide a continual source of healthy and often organically grown food.
Holy Cow was serving organically grown food before many customers knew they wanted organic, Lavine said.
There suggestions as to how kids can be proactive in encouraging the survival of bees, including planting their own garden, encouraging parents to buy local, organically grown food, buying local honey, planting meadows instead of lawns, avoiding spraying pesticides, planting flowers to bloom at different times to ensure a summer-long food supply for bees, and even beginning to try home beekeeping, just like First lady Michelle Obama and her family.
It is difficult to obtain organically grown food in the urban areas, but it is more available in the rural areas.
Americans are embracing more than ever before the importance of supporting small farms, consuming organically grown food, and acknowledging that our food choices transcend sustenance to shape and define who we are as a society.
Bendfeldt says many agricultural cooperatives are finding success by catering to consumer demand for fresh, locally grown food that can easily be traced back to where it originated, as well as meeting the high demand for organically grown food free of chemicals or growth hormones.