organizational crime

organizational crime

law-breaking by organizations such as businesses or state bureaucracies. Typical examples would be the flouting of health, hygiene or safety regulations, or the failure to observe pollution controls (S. Box, Power, Crime and Mystification, 1983). Precise figures are difficult to obtain, but organizational crime is certainly not insignificant. More working

days each year are lost, for example, because of industrial injury and accident than through strikes, and many of these – perhaps 40% (J. Hagan, Structural Criminology, 1988) – are due to employer negligence.

Organizational crime (or ‘crimes of the powerful’) should be distinguished from WHITE-COLLAR CRIME, which usually implies criminal activity (such as embezzlement) exercised against organizations by their employees, and from organized crime, which refers to criminal organizations or networks involved in the systematic provision of illegal goods and services, such as those engaged in international drug trafficking.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
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Corporate culture and incidents of organizational crime are intrinsically linked to one another, and the concepts are researched simultaneously [5].
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The authors present an integrated framework for the study of organizational crime, and use this framework to present a criminological explanation for the state actions described in the case studies.
One of the main purposes of the papers is to obtain a better understanding of the 'structural influences that shape organizational crime'.
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Shortly after I started my first academic job, a graduate student named Eugene Swajkowski came to me with the idea of doing some research on organizational crime. I knew absolutely nothing about the topic, so I asked some naive questions such as "Do you want to study shoplifting or embezzlement?" He said he wanted to study corporate crimes such as when the entire organization violates the law.
Topics include the sociology of organizational crime, the historical aspects and development of legislation for corporate crime, corporate violence, the crimes of neo- liberal rule in Iraq, regulatory enforcement strategies, the effective implementation of egalitarian practices and the importance of proactive enforcement.
of Idaho) select topics based on the tradition of Edwin Sutherland, who invented the term and officially defined the field; they focus on corporate and organizational crime over occupational, as well as contemporary and historical cases, societies in North America, Europe, and Asia, and theoretical explanations.
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