The exhibition includes only eleven paintings that derive from Algiers, some of them slight and informal sketches, framed by an earlier Oriental-costumed portrait and a group of late works showing figures in Orientalising
The social structures represented by this necropolis thus reflect the development of Iberian society between the fifth and fourth centuries BC, at a time when the heroic monarchies that had characterised the preceding orientalising phase were abandoned in favour of a warrior aristocracy (Ruiz & Molinos 1998).
one shows a warrior killing a griffin) (Figure 3d) or one of the recurrent motifs of orientalising and Iberian iconography, such as a human head crowned with that of a lion (Figure 3e).
sphere embraced the indigenous culture groups of the Iberian Peninsula so that by the end of the process--from a cultural viewpoint and to simplify grossly--the West had become part of the East.
Eastern Andalusia saw an appreciable increase in the number of sculptors' workshops linked to the process of urbanisation, a development with its roots in the Orientalising
period (eighth--sixth centuries BC) that would reach its climax in the fifth century BC.
The images on the Near Eastern stelae, named 'Bethsaida group' after the eponymous type-site on the Sea of Galilee, were identified as representations of the god Baal, and the adoption of horned headgear in south-western Iberia was viewed as an indication of the incorporation of Near Eastern religious symbolism into local belief systems during the Orientalising
The authors, however, do not limit themselves to a topological and chronological study, although this is an outstanding objective in itself; in addition they take positions on such questions as the origin of the flange hiked sword, which they place in the south of the Iberian Peninsula (the Tartessian area in the Late Bronze Age and Orientalising
The Tartessic stelae originated in the Tagus valley in the Late Bronze period and reached their maximum geographic expansion and complexity at the beginning of the orientalising
period (Barcelo 1989; Galan 1993; Celestino 2001a).
Closely connected to Riva's conception of the Orientalising
Koine, Foxhall's study attempted to move beyond simplistic conceptions of Orientalism and Hellenisation.