orientalism


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orientalism

  1. the academic study of the Orient, which has been variously defined as the Middle East, the Far East or most of Asia.
  2. a more general perspective, intellectual, artistic or political, which sees the distinction between East and West as one of the fundamental divisions of the world.
  3. ‘a Western style for dominating, restructuring and having authority over the Orient’, (SAID, 1978; definitions 1 and 2 are derived from the same source).
Definition 3 is the subject of Said's analysis, wherein he argues that since the late 18th-century Western writers have constructed an image of the Orient centred around such concerns as the distinctiveness of the ‘Oriental mind’ as opposed to the ‘Occidental mind’. Said argues that this corresponds to no empirical reality and reduces to insignificance the varieties of language, culture, social forms and political structures in the so-called Orient. This imagery has been a significant part of intellectual thought in the West since the AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT. See also ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ASIATIC MODE OF PRODUCTION AND ASIATIC SOCIETY, HYDRAULIC SOCIETY.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
"Orientalism in Translation: Familiarizing and Defamiliarizing Strategies." Translator's Strategies and Creativity: Selected Papers From the 9th International Conference on Translation and Interpreting, Prague, September 1995.
"I think Edward Said would say Tom MacMaster is a perfect example of Orientalism itself," she added, "MacMaster was trying to be the only one to explain what this kind of woman is going through."
In his introduction to Orientalism, Edward Said defines his title term from three separate angles.
Chapters 3 and 4 deal with Sinophobia and Orientalism and examine discourses produced both on the island and in the diaspora.
Throughout the term, students engage in intensive discussions on the history of Orientalism and the thoughts of contemporary Western scholars about Islam.
Post-colonial critics continue to produce learned books and essays on the language, structures, tools, intricacies and even the arcana of Orientalism, but they pay scant attention to native Orientalism.
Whiteness and Orientalism haunt my student feedback forms.
As postmodernism has found an important ally in postcolonialism, many writers and theories have derived a large impetus from the work of one of the most influential theorists on this subject, Edward Said, who in Orientalism (1978) presents a strong anti-imperialist and anti-colonial argument.
This idea of Orientalism generated great excitement among young 'post-modernist' academics.
Orientalism reinforced a range of stereotypes associated with Eastern cultures, but the exhibition is exploring this form of art as more than a naive depiction or as dealing in stereotypes.
Edward Said's 1979 Orientalism is a forceful polemic that has become a milestone in critical theory, says Varisco, and Reading Orientalism is a judicious satirical criticism suggesting that people move beyond the polemicized rhetoric of the binary blame game.