original sin

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original sin,

in Christian theology, the sin of AdamAdam
, [Heb.,=man], in the Bible, the first man. In the Book of Genesis, God creates humankind in his image as a species of male and female, giving them dominion over other life.
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, by which all humankind fell from divine gracegrace,
in Christian theology, the free favor of God toward humans, which is necessary for their salvation. A distinction is made between natural grace (e.g., the gift of life) and supernatural grace, by which God makes a person (born sinful because of original sin) capable of
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. Saint AugustineAugustine, Saint
, Lat. Aurelius Augustinus, 354–430, one of the Latin Fathers of the Church and a Doctor of the Church, bishop of Hippo (near present-day Annaba, Algeria), b. Tagaste (c.40 mi/60 km S of Hippo). Life

Augustine's mother, St.
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 was the fundamental theologian in the formulation of this doctrine, which states that the essentially graceless nature of humanity requires redemption to save it. The purpose of baptismbaptism
[Gr., =dipping], in most Christian churches a sacrament. It is a rite of purification by water, a ceremony invoking the grace of God to regenerate the person, free him or her from sin, and make that person a part of the church.
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 is to wash away original sin and to restore the individual to an innocent state, although even after baptism a tendency to sin remains as a result of original sin.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

original sin

a state of sin held to be innate in mankind as the descendants of Adam
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Augustine has a particular reason for blaming Adam only: he needs to explain how Jesus was born without the stain of Adam's original sin. But Jesus was not Adam's descendant, at least not on his father's side; the Holy Spirit was his father.
Isaac Goff, in Mary in the Writings of the Saints, explained that Anselm provided very clear concepts of 'human nature, original justice, original sin and the conferral and transmission of original justice and sin.'
'You were not involved but now you're stained with an original sin ...
And you give us the sin that we never even agreed to commit and that is the original sin,' he said.
DIVINITY: ORIGINAL SIN 2 gives players the freedom of a sandbox RPG, encouraging improvisation and experimentation, with rules made to be bent rather than followed.
Original Sin 2 is better than the first in every way.
Theological "modernism" - or at the least the composite account of such modernism presented in Pius X's 1907 bull Pascendi Dominici Gregis--seemed to deny the reality of Original Sin or to re-define it in terms compatible with modern science to refer to forces impeding an immanent, evolutionary divinity.
"The most Blessed Virgin Mary was, from the first moment of her conception, by a singular grace and privilege of almighty God and by virtue of the merits of Jesus Christ, Savior of the human race, preserved immune from all stain of original sin," he said.
The major trouble with so general a hypothesis as original sin is that it becomes public property, so to speak, for anyone to pick up and use as a weapon against his opponents.
Scientific theories concerning the evolution of the human species have presented major challenges for Christian understandings of original sin. It has become harder to hypothesize and locate a single first human couple.
Where Original Sin comes into its own is how these powers can be combined.
Divinity: Original Sin and the prospect of the wealth of fantasy content will give fans of Baldur's gate and Neverwinter's goosebumps.

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