oriole


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to oriole: orchard oriole

oriole,

common name applied to various perching birds of the Old (family Oriolidae) and New (family Icteridae) Worlds. The European orioles are allied to the crows, while the American orioles, of the hangnest group, belong to the blackbird and meadowlark family. Old World orioles are found in forests and are large birds (8–12 in./20–30 cm). They are swift fliers. Orioles have clear calls and some are very good mimics. Mainly insectivorous, the Old World orioles also eat fruits, mainly berries. These orioles build cup-shaped nests in which to lay their clutches of two to five eggs. Both sexes incubate the eggs. The golden oriole of Europe is a beautiful orange-yellow bird with black wings and tail that ranges from England to Siberia and winters in Africa. The related mango bird inhabits India, and allied species are found in Africa and Australia. The black-naped oriole, Oriolus chinensis, is a black and yellow bird found from India to the Philippines. The New World orioles are considerably smaller than the Old World birds. In the male Baltimore oriole of E North America the head, throat, shoulders, wings, and tail are black and the rest of the plumage is orange. Its nest, a deep, woven bag, is suspended from the tip of a high branch. New World orioles also feed chiefly on insects and fruit. In the orchard oriole, chestnut replaces the brilliant orange of the Baltimore oriole. Bullock's oriole, of W North America, has orange markings on the head. New World orioles lay four to six eggs per clutch and both sexes incubate the eggs. Orioles are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information.
, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, families Icteridae (New World orioles) and Oriolidae (Old World orioles).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oriole

 

(Oriolus oriolus), a bird of the order Passeriformes. Length, approximately 25 cm. The male’s plumage is golden yellow with black markings, and the female and young are greenish with spotted breasts. The oriole is prevalent in northwest Africa, Europe, and Asia; in the USSR it lives in deciduous and mixed forests. Orioles reproduce once a year. They build hanging nests attached to the forks of trees at a height of 1.5–20 m. The female lays three to five eggs. The oriole’s song is flutelike, and its loud cry sounds like the meowing of an angry cat. The oriole feeds on insects, and less often on berries. It is a bird of passage, wintering in Africa.

A similar species is found in the Far East: the Chinese oriole (Oriolus chinensis).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

oriole

1. any songbird of the mainly tropical Old World family Oriolidae, such as Oriolus oriolus (golden oriole), having a long pointed bill and a mostly yellow-and-black plumage
2. any American songbird of the family Icteridae, esp those of the genus Icterus, such as the Baltimore oriole, with a typical male plumage of black with either orange or yellow
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Looking ahead, Oriole said it continues to look to expand its footprint in Cameroon, and elsewhere it is looking to realise value from its portfolio of investments and royalties.
The chief operating officer of the Maryland Transit Administration recently presentedthe MARC train system's Camden Line as a viable option for getting to an Orioles game, despite the service's lack of a return trip for more than 95 percent of scheduled home games in the 2019 season.
Participants count and record the largest number of Baltimore orioles they see at one time on one or all of the days of the survey period.
The Isabela oriole (Oriolus isabellae) was named after Isabela where it was discovered in 1894.
Altamira oriole (Icterus gularis; 67 g) began nesting at Santa Ana NWR by the early 1960s and is currently an uncommon breeder throughout the refuge (Gehlbach, 1987; Brush, 2005).
Orioles found a foothold in the East Anglian fens only because the matchstick industry farmed fast-growing poplars.
When you delve into the roots of the Oriole glory years, one name always comes up as the key to the foundation: Paul Rapier Richards, a native of Waxahachie, Texas, a farming town about thirty miles south of Dallas.
What: Former Baltimore Orioles pitcher Garrett Stephenson who was a 16 game winner with the St Louis Cardinals will lead this youth camp for kids ages 5-16 and will feature a special guest appearance by star reliever Pedro Strop and other former players and a surprise appearance from the Oriole Bird.
Newly hired general manager Dan Duquette vowed Tuesday to make once-proud Baltimore Orioles a title contender despite the presence of the free-spending New York Yankees and Boston Red Sox in the American League East.
Oriole, 59, said: "Last summer it was really wet and warm - ideal for snails.
They're very high in protein and low in fat - in some ways, they're better than beef." And Oriole believes others should copy her foraging ways to beat the recession.