The Gondwanan orogenic belt can be considered an Andean-type orogene
, where most of the deformation occurs under non-metamorphic conditions, such as metamorphism only developed close to the trench, in the accretionary prism ((Rebolledo and Charrier, 1994, Wilner et al., 2004, 2009).
The site velocities reflect complexity of geological structures of this area, where individual Sudetic and Moravo-Silesian blocks of the Bohemian Massif are affected by active dynamics of the West Carpathians and Alpine orogene
This complexity is caused not only by the composition of orogene
, which went through complicated evolution during the last 300 Ma, but also by its overlay by younger sediments, too.
(1999): On the origin of the W-directed subduction zones and applications to the Western Mediterranean, The Mediterranean basins: Tertiary extension within the Alpine Orogene
. Geological Society, London, Special Publications 156, 541-561.
The Iberian Chain is an intraplate Alpine orogene
with a prevailing NW-SE structural grain generated by the tectonic inversion of Mesozoic extensional basins from late Cretaceous to Early-Middle Miocene times.
The Alboran domain belongs to the formerly Alpine Orogene
that was a continuous structure from northwest Africa, along the Betic Cordillera, and to Western Alps during Cretaceous-Neogene.
Recent crustal movements that exist within the Bohemian Massif depend on compression fields, originating from the Alpine orogene
. Thein existence has been detected by in-situ monitoring of stress tensors and by deformations within mines.
Rosenbaum, G., Lister, G.S., (eds.): Reconstruction of the Evolution of the Alpine-Himalayan Orogene
, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, 8: 149-168.
A typical present-day example of extensional break-up of main elevation ridge of an orogene
is represented by the Apennines.
On y parle des orogenes
intraplaques, des aires continentales consolidees, des reliefs de bordure des continents, notamment des levres de rifts aux marges passives, ainsi que des reliefs des bassins oceaniques (monts sousmarins, chaines aseismiques, plateaux oceaniques et cuvettes abyssales).