orophyte

orophyte

[′ȯr·ə‚fīt]
(ecology)
Any plant that grows in the subalpine region.
References in periodicals archive ?
This orophyte is a South Western European endemism native to the mountains of the Iberian Peninsula and the Pyrenees between 800 and 2900 m asl (Martinez Ortega & al., 2009), although it can also reach lower elevations through riparian forests.
2 Anphiadriatic 4 2 2 2 Mediterranean- 2 4 4 8 Montane Orophyte 44 40 41 30 S-European Euro- 3 3 4 3 Mediterranean Euro-Asiatic 17 15 11 20 Arctic Alpine 11 10 17 8 Circumboreal 3 2 .
Cytotaxonomy of a century of Rocky Mountain orophytes. Arctic & Alpine Res.
In the case of chorotypes, we considered the following: Mediterranean (endemic to the region, but not particularly related to mountain areas), oro-Mediterranean (or Mediterranean orophytes), sub-Mediterranean (typical of transitional landscapes from medio-European to Mediterranean), Atlantic, medio-European, Alpine (found in the Alps and similar mountains), Boreo-Alpine (disjunct, in boreal latitudes and in Alpine mountains), Pyrenean (endemics and sub-endemics), pluriregional, and introduced.
Mediterranean flora (excluding Mediterranean orophytes) accounted for low to moderate percentages at the basal and submontane belts (5-17% in the axial Pyrenees and 19-30% in the pre-Pyrenees) and decreased gradually up to the summits, where a few examples were still found even in the axial sectors.
As evidence of the change that has been observed in the high mountains, orophytes, in general, are expected to face a downward trend, while species that are more or less adapted to warmer conditions will show positive trends, and their presence is predicted to increase.
The chorological diagram (Table 1) shows a roughly equal percentages of Boreal, Orophytes S.-European and Eurasiatic species.
Orophytes S.-European and Eurasiatic components are nonetheless quite high.