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a short-lived movement in art founded in 1912 by Robert DelaunayDelaunay, Robert
, 1885–1941, French painter; husband of Sonia Delaunay-Terk. By 1909, Delaunay had progressed from a neoimpressionist phase to cubism, applying cubist principles to the exploration of color.
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, Frank KupkaKupka, Frank or František
, 1871–1957, Czech painter, etcher, and illustrator. Kupka illustrated works by Reclus and Leconte de Lisle and an edition of Aristophanes' Lysistrata.
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, the DuchampDuchamp, Marcel
, 1887–1968, French painter, brother of Raymond Duchamp-Villon and half-brother of Jacques Villon. Duchamp is noted for his cubist-futurist painting Nude Descending a Staircase,
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 brothers, and Roger de la Fresnaye. Apollinaire coined the term orphism to describe the lyrical, shimmering chromatic effects that these painters sought to introduce into the drier aesthetic of cubismcubism,
art movement, primarily in painting, originating in Paris c.1907. Cubist Theory

Cubism began as an intellectual revolt against the artistic expression of previous eras.
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. Moving toward pure abstraction, the orphists saw painting as sensation. For a time their number included Léger, Picabia, Chagall, and Gliezes. The movement influenced the German Blaue ReiterBlaue Reiter, der
[Ger.,=the blue rider], German expressionist art movement, lasting from 1911 to 1914. It took its name from a painting by Kandinsky, Le cavalier bleu.
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 group and the American synchromists Stanton Macdonald-WrightMacdonald-Wright, Stanton,
1890–1973, American artist, b. Charlottsville, Va. Macdonald-Wright was among the first Americans to paint in a totally abstract mode. Together with Morgan Russell, he founded synchromism in 1912.
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 and Morgan RussellRussell, Morgan,
1886–1953, American painter, b. New York City. Russell, together with Stanton Macdonald-Wright, founded synchromism in Paris in 1913. Structuring his paintings on interlocking planes of color, Russell created volume and mass with color alone, as in
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a school of French painting that arose in the second decade of the 20th century. It was given its name in 1912 by Apollinaire. Orphism developed from cubism yet revealed a kinship to the modernist schools of futurism and expressionism. The movement’s founder and principal theorist was R. Delaunay. Other members included F. Kupka, F. Picabia, and M. Duchamp. The group sought to express the dynamics of movement and the musicality of rhythms by means of the interpenetration of primary colors and the intersection of curvilinear surfaces. The orphists very soon turned to abstractionism.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(3) HERRERO DE JAUREGUL, M., Orphism and Christianity in Late Antiquity, Berlin-New York: Walter de Gruyter, 2010, 2-4.
(1986), Hart Crane's Harp of Evil: A Study of Orphism in the Bridge.
Mohsin's six oil-on-canvas paintings have a decorative penchant and the backgrounds are reminiscent of artist Sonia Delaunay who cofounded the Orphism art movement known for its use of strong colors and geometric patterns.
39), the influence of the poet Guillaume Apollinaire on him as a young man in Paris and a group of artists including Ferdinand Leger who were protagonists of the Orphism movement.
His perspectives include tragic worlds: narrating the Athenian polis; death is death is death: narrating a world of perennial suffering; mythological intertextuality: Alcestic and Heracles; and death is death is life: Eleusinian Orphism and moral courage.
The development of most retrotransposon-based marker systems, such as SSAP (sequence-specific amplified polymorphism), IRAP (inter-retrotransposon amplified polymorphism) and REMAP (retrotransposon-microsatellite amplified polym- orphism), requires knowledge of the sequence of a particular part of a retrotransposon.
(14) Indeed, in claiming that he possesses a special wisdom Euthyphro is actually signalling his membership in some strange religious cult comparable to Orphism. As evidence Burnet suggests that Euthyphro may well have encountered mystics on Naxos where he had spent time on his family's farm (see 4c4).
"The show is really looking at his search for his own artistic identity, but we're looking at that through the prism of Cubism, Orphism, Supremitism."
Among her influences Mary lists the French artist Robert Delaunay who, with his wife Sonia, developed an art movement called orphism which featured strong colours and geometric shapes.
Fauvism, German Expressionism, Cubism, Orphism, Purism, Non-Objective Art, Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art, Op Art, Minimalism, Photo-Realism, Feminist Art, Neo-Expressionism, Post-Modernism, and Neo-Geo have all played out in the drama of conflicting styles and ambitions in the course of the century.
"Tearing Apart the Zagreus Myth: A Few Disparaging Remarks on Orphism and Original Sin." G4 18.1: 35-73.