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see dentistrydentistry,
treatment and care of the teeth and associated oral structures. Dentistry is mainly concerned with tooth decay, disease of the supporting structures, such as the gums, and faulty positioning of the teeth.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a branch of stomatology concerned with the study, treatment, and prevention of anomalies of development of the teeth and maxillofacial skeleton. The cause of these anomalies can be hereditary or dependent on prenatal and postnatal conditions of growth and development in the child. Common causes of anomalies of the maxillodental system include metabolic disturbances and childhood diseases that adversely affect the formation of the skeleton. Harmful habits, such as finger sucking, misuse of nipples, and labored nasal breathing, may contribute to the rise of anomalies. Deformities of the maxillodental system result in functional impairment of speech and of the digestive and respiratory organs.

The purpose of orthodontic treatment is to make cosmetic and functional improvements in the maxillodental system and to normalize the child’s development. Orthodontic treatment is complex, making use of special appliances combined with pharmacological agents and physical therapy; sometimes, surgery followed by logopedic treatment is necessary. The systematic care of the mouth in preschool and school children is another aspect of orthodontic treatment.


Kalvelis, D. A. Ortodontiia. Leningrad, 1964.
Kurliandskii, V. Iu. Ortopedicheskaia stomatologiia: atlas, vol. 2: Ortodontiia, travmatologiia, cheliustnoe i litsevoe protezirovanie. Moscow, 1970.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


A branch of dentistry that deals with the prevention and treatment of malocclusion.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


, orthodontia
the branch of dentistry concerned with preventing or correcting irregularities of the teeth
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
These sites offer an in-person touch point that provides the face-to-face interaction that people may find missing from a DTC orthodontia experience.
"Nasal ventilation and orthodontia," Int J Orthod Milwaukee, Vol.15(1), pp.27-29
They had at least 20 natural teeth, were non-smokers, did not wear orthodontia, were not undergoing any medical treatment, were taking no medication, and were not using oral mouthwashes.
But when his orthodontia was removed, the 22-year-old says many of his teeth were rotten through to the jaw, requiring extensive--and expensive--treatment.
Grivas' practice includes general and family dentistry and orthodontia, he specializes in cosmetic dentistry and temporomandibular disorders (TMD/TMJ).
Increased use of discretionary dollars for dental services such as orthodontia expenditures from a health savings account, alongside a high-deductible plan, will become more commonplace "as consumers direct assets to the services most important to their families," Torella said.
By the 1990s women's history and second-wave feminism, with its classic language of recovery, repair, reparations, remediation, and "herstory," had the sex appeal of orthodontia. We had straightened up the teeth of the past, put braces on them, so to speak, and the past smiled at us with toothy wires in place.
While some supports can be provided at camp, what access is there beyond camp for needs such as mental-emotion health, dental and orthodontia, pharmacy, chiropractic services, and, for some, allied health practitioners (e.g., Christian Science practitioner, acupuncture, herbal therapy)?
Examples of expenses that can be submitted under an insured medical reimbursement plan include deductibles and coinsurance, dental care and orthodontia, annual physicals and preventive care, vision care (including eyeglasses and contact lenses), and treatments for nervous/mental disorders as well as drug and alcohol abuse.
Bridge the gap between teenagers whose orthodontia costs more than a client's yearly budget?"--Lansing answers thoughtfully.