Orthomyxoviridae

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Related to orthomyxovirus: paramyxovirus

Orthomyxoviridae

[‚ȯr·thə‚mik·sə′vir·ə‚dī]
(virology)
A family of negative-strand ribonucleic acid viruses characterized by enveloped, spherical, pleomorphic virions with a helical nucleocapsid containing a fragmented genome, it includes the genus Influenzavirus (human influenza type A).
References in periodicals archive ?
Los orthomyxovirus (ortho: para diferenciarlos de los paramyxovirus; myxo: por su afinidad por las mucinas o glicoproteinas de la superficie de las celulas afectadas) presentan un genoma RNA fragmentado (ocho fragmentos), de cadena sencilla lineal, simetria helicoidal, de polaridad negativa y miden de 80 a 120 nm de diametro.
In 2010 in Australia, an orthomyxovirus with genetic and antigenic properties similar to WFBV (designated as Cygnet River virus [CyRV]) was isolated during an outbreak of salmonellosis (Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium) in Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata) on Kangaroo Island, South Australia (10).
Mx protein has been found in a wide range of species and enables the resistant activity to orthomyxovirus (Haller et al.
orthomyxovirus that has three encephalitis virus serotypes: A (zoonotic), B, and C 45.
HRTV could potentially circulate without the need for actual replication in the vertebrate host through direct tick-to-tick transmission while co-feeding nearby on a vertebrate host, as described for the orthomyxovirus, Thogoto virus (36).
To compare classical and modern experimental approaches of virus purification and enrichment, we designed a tissue model for internal organs of chicken, each infected with 1 of 4 viruses (poxvirus [vaccinia virus], reovirus [orthoreovirus], orthomyxovirus [influenza virus], and paramyxovirus [Sendai virus]) at low concentrations (Table 1; Table 2, http://wwnc.