A31-Rebuilding-sealing turnover of Autreville orthotropic
viaduct (54) and change of support devices.
Modeling of Viscous Bituminous Wearing Course Materials on Orthotropic
Steel Deck, Materials and Structures 45(7): 1115-1125.
Most commonly-encountered hardwood forest understory taxa in the northern hemisphere have orthotropic
aerial branches that provide ample light-harvesting opportunities when deciduous canopies are absent (Nauertz and Zasada, 1999).
Since the floating deck is more rigid than a steel orthotropic
deck, and the bonding between the asphalt overlay and concrete fill is more secure, the overlay is less susceptible to cracking and debonding, resulting in a longer service life.
Both CFRP sheets and the adhesive layer were modelled as orthotropic
material, which has higher strength in the longitudinal direction and no strength in the transfer directions.
Thromboelastometry is widely used in the management of perioperative bleeding in areas such as cardiovascular surgery, orthotropic
liver transplantation, postpartum hemorrhage, spinal surgery, and trauma.
The diffusion behavior was assumed to be orthotropic
due to the orthotropic
nature of the fiber reinforcement.
It is orthotropic
-- that is, it has different properties in three directions.
At the macro scale, wood material is assumed to be orthotropic
material that has distinctive different mechanical properties in the longitudinal, radial, tangential directions (Jeong et al.
The compressive strength along longitudinal axis is found to be 160 Mpa, which is indicative of orthotropic
elastic behavior due to laminar structure of femur bone.
The heterogeneous semispace is considered, which is modeled by a discrete reflection as a set of finite elements, each of that is homogeneous solids with different physical and mechanical characteristics of isotropic or orthotropic
bodies, but on the boundaries of finite elements the condition of deformations compatibility is satisfied, i.
FHWA's recently released Manual for Design, Construction, and Maintenance of Orthotropic
Steel Deck Bridges (FHWA-IF-12-027) presents a comprehensive guide to this technology for bridge design.