oryx


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oryx

(ôr`ĭks), name for several small, horselike antelopesantelope,
name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in.
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, genus Oryx, found in deserts and arid scrublands of Africa and Arabia. They feed on grasses and scrub and can go without water for long periods. Oryxes are light in color with dark patches on the face and legs. They have slight shoulder humps, tufted tails, and long, straight or slightly curved slender horns that point backward.

The gemsbok (O. gazella) is found in SW Africa. It is beige to brownish gray with brown to black markings; a large male gemsbok stands more than 4 ft (120 cm) at the shoulder and weighs up to 450 lb (200 kg). The East African oryx, or beisa (O. beisa) is similar but smaller, with shorter horns. It is found from Ethiopia south to NE Tanzania, with the fringe-eared oryx subspecies in the southern part of the range. The scimitar, or scimitar-horned, oryx (O. dammah) is native to the N African deserts and has long, back-curved horns. It is white with chestnut markings and a dark tail. It became extinct in the wild in the late 1980s, but a wild population is being reestablished from herds bred in captivity.

The Arabian, or white, oryx (O. leucoryx) is the smallest oryx, standing up to 40 in. (100 cm) high. It is white with dark brown and black markings. The Arabian oryxes once ranged over the deserts of SW Asia and were hunted by nomads for flesh and hides. However, they were nearly exterminated in the 20th cent. by hunting from automobiles, and survived only in zoos by the 1970s. Since 1982 a captive breeding program has successfully reintroduced them to first Oman and then other Middle Eastern countries.

The oryx is classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

Oryx

 

a genus of artiodactyls of the subfamily Hippotraginae. Oryxes are 120 to 140 cm tall at the withers and weigh up to 200 kg. They are handsome, long-legged animals. Both males and females have straight or arcuate horns, which are round in cross section. The long horns, sometimes measuring more than 1 m, terminate in sharp points and are used for defensive purposes. The coloration is generally light grayish brown, with striking dark markings.

There are four species of oryxes, distributed in the Sahara, eastern and southern Africa, and the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula. The animals live in small groups and feed on desert grasses and shrubs. Hunted intensively, some species have almost been exterminated in some regions.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.

oryx

any large African antelope of the genus Oryx, typically having long straight nearly upright horns
References in periodicals archive ?
According to GSCAO's most recent survey, some 6,000 Arabian Oryx exist in UAE and to date, our combined regional conservation efforts have resulted in international recognition for the programme which contributed to changing the status of the Arabian Oryx from 'Endangered' to 'Vulnerable' by the IUCN Red List Assessment.
In addition, Gabriele Ferola has also jouined the team at Oryx as the executive assistant manager.
We achieved an outstanding success in 2011 when IUCN [the International Union for Conservation of Nature] reclassified the Arabian oryx as aACAyVulnerable' after it had been listed as Extinct in the Wild," she said in her opening speech at the fifth meeting of members of the Coordination Committee for the Conservation of the Arabian Oryx (CCCAO).
How they are all doing was the reason the Coordination Committee for the Conservation of the Arabian oryx (CCCAO) met on Tuesday in Abu Dhabi.
Our goal is to win the Oryx Cup and everything else will take care of itself," said Shane confidently.
The intervention of the late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan, after noticing the drastic decline in the wild Oryx population, played a pivotal role in conserving this species and saving it from extinction.
Oryx Engineering Solutions is part of Oryx and has built a market leading platform to locally deliver World Class services through combining local knowledge, outstanding infrastructure, technical capability and partnering with leading specialists.
Oryx has since consistently proved the competitive advantages and environmental credentials of its ultra clean-burning fuels.
The Arabian oryx was blissfully unaware of this taxonomic jiggery-pokery and occupied its time perhaps standing about in any available shade with companion nameless oryx friends until the first living specimens reached London in 1857 and the attention of the Royal Zoological Society in London.
The reintroduction program demonstrated that captive oryx could adapt to harsh wild conditions, first in Oman and later in the deserts of Saudi Arabia, Israel, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Jordan.
Also at the launch, Hassan said the oryx was chosen as it is a symbol of this region and the opportunity could be used to raise awareness on the endangered animal.
Oryx Rotana is situated near Doha's International Airport and just minutes away from the city centre, allowing easy access to the hub of the conference, entertainment and shopping facilities of Doha.