osmolarity


Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

osmolarity

[‚äz·mə′lar·əd·ē]
(chemistry)
The molarity of an ideal solution of a nondissociating substance that exerts the same osmotic pressure as the solution being considered.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Country manager for the UK and Ireland at Avizor, Gary Daniels, said: "The premium product is OcuDry 0.30%, which combines 0.30% hyaluronate, the lowest osmolarity in the range at I60-I90m0sm/L and viscosity of 48-52Cp.
The pH and osmolarity values were taken into account while preparing the solutions.
osmolarity on repeatability of keratometry for cataract surgery
The composition of the electrolyte solutions was as follows: Solution with calcium propionate solution (SEPCa), 4g of NaCl (a), 0.5g of KCl (a), 0.3g of Mg[Cl.sub.2] (a) and 10g de calcium propionate (b) in 1000mL of water (measured osmolarity: 299mOsm/L); glycerol solution (SEGly), 4g of NaCl (a), 0.5g of KCl (a), 0.3g of Mg[Cl.sub.2] (a), 1g of calcium acetate (a), and 10mL of glycerol (c) in 1000mL of water (measured osmolarity: 287mOsm/L); and a solution with propylene glycol, 4g of NaCl, 0.5g of KCl, 0.3g of Mg[Cl.sub.2], 1g of calcium acetate, and 15mL of propylene glycol in 1000mL of water (measured osmolarity: 378mOsm/L).
The Sindh health department and LHW Programme Sindh in collaboration with Nutrition International (NI) is implementing a programme on use of Zinc and Low Osmolarity ORS (LO ORS) for the treatment of Diarrhea in Sindh.
In eyes receiving plugs, the tear-film breakup time increased compared with control eyes (MD, 2.3 seconds), while there was a decrease in the Oxford Cornea Score (MD, 0.5) and tear osmolarity (MD, 10 mOsm/L).
Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the tears and ocular surface that is accompanied by increased osmolarity of the tear film and causes symptoms of discomfort, visual disturbance, and tear film instability with potential damage to the ocular surface.
The pipette solution for voltage-clamp experiments contained (in mM) 135 CsCl, 30 CsOH, 2 Mg-ATP, 5 EGTA, and 10 HEPES, adjusted to pH 7.4 with CsOH, with an osmolarity of 295-300 mOsm.
Modulation of type 1 pilus expression occurs as a result of changes in pH, temperature, the presence of aliphatic amino acids, glucose effects, and osmolarity [16-26].
It was guided with close monitoring of renal function including serum sodium and serum osmolarity. The doses and other parameters were maintained per standard of care [18,19].
1 hour 6 hours (Initial labs) (Unresponsive) Sodium (mEq/L) 132 139 Chloride (mEq/L) 92 100 Potassium (mEq/L) 6.4 3.8 Bicarbonate (mEq/L) 7 8 Calculated plasma Osmolarity 325 314 (mEq/L of Water) * Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dl) 42 30 Creatinine (mg/dl) 2.0 1.42 Glucose (mg/dl) 838 471 Calculated anion gap 33 31 Acetone "LARGE" 28 hours (Cardiac arrest) Sodium (mEq/L) 170 Chloride (mEq/L) 138 Potassium (mEq/L) 3.7 Bicarbonate (mEq/L) 18 Calculated plasma Osmolarity 363 (mEq/L of Water) * Blood urea nitrogen (mg/dl) 29 Creatinine (mg/dl) 3.78 Glucose (mg/dl) 243 Calculated anion gap 14 Acetone * Plasma osmolarity calculated as 2[Na] + [glucose]/18 + [BUN]/ 2.8.