osmole


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osmole

[′äz‚mōl]
(chemistry)
The unit of osmolarity equal to the osmolarity of a solution that exerts an osmotic pressure equal to that of an ideal solution of a nondissociating substance that has a concentration of 1 mole of solute per liter of solution.
The unit of osmolality equal to the osmolality of a solution that exerts an osmotic pressure equal to that of an ideal solution of a nondissociating substance that has a concentration of 1 mole of solute per kilogram of solvent.
References in periodicals archive ?
Low urine sodium and potassium, combined with high urine osmolality, signifies that there is a nonelectrolyte osmole in the urine that is 'obligating' water loss.
The irrationality of the present use of the osmole gap.
7 Serum osmoles, mOsm 367 358 296 Osmolal gap, mOsm/kg 75 72 6 EG (gas chromatography), mg/dL Unavailable 315 Unavailable EG (enzymatic assay), mg/dL Unavailable 308 50 Expected, day 2 Reference (if untreated) interval Sodium, mmol/L Normal 137-145 Potassium, mmol/L Normal 3.
29,34,35] The mechanisms proposed to elicit DKA-CE include increases in hydrostatic and/or decreases in osmotic pressure, increases in blood brain barrier permeability, loss of cerebral vascular auto-regulation and subsequent changes in cerebral blood flow, production of intracellular osmoles in brain cells, and / or intracranial acidosis.
Elevation of rat brain amino acids, ammonia and idiogenic osmoles induced by hyperosmolality.
Osmolarity is a measure of osmoles solute per kg solvent (water in the present study).