osmole


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osmole

[′äz‚mōl]
(chemistry)
The unit of osmolarity equal to the osmolarity of a solution that exerts an osmotic pressure equal to that of an ideal solution of a nondissociating substance that has a concentration of 1 mole of solute per liter of solution.
The unit of osmolality equal to the osmolality of a solution that exerts an osmotic pressure equal to that of an ideal solution of a nondissociating substance that has a concentration of 1 mole of solute per kilogram of solvent.
References in periodicals archive ?
The irrationality of the present use of the osmole gap.
Brain swelling after dialysis: Old urea or new osmoles? Am J Kidney Dis 1996;28:1-13.
Intracellular accumulation of osmoles tends to counteract brain water loss.
The number of solutes is measured as osmoles per litres of fluid (osmolality) or osmoles per kilogram of weight (osmolality).
Osmolality, a measure of the number of dissolved particles in a liquid (osmoles per kg of water), is considered to be the gold standard for measuring urine concentration.
Brain swelling after dialysis: Old urea or new osmoles? American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 28(1), 1-12.
[29,34,35] The mechanisms proposed to elicit DKA-CE include increases in hydrostatic and/or decreases in osmotic pressure, increases in blood brain barrier permeability, loss of cerebral vascular auto-regulation and subsequent changes in cerebral blood flow, production of intracellular osmoles in brain cells, and / or intracranial acidosis.
Elevation of rat brain amino acids, ammonia and idiogenic osmoles induced by hyperosmolality.