The differences between the commonly studied low salinity condition and the oscillating salinity condition, more closely resembling the natural fluctuations of an intertidal environment, frame the widely studied osmoregulatory mechanism
in a more natural setting.
We then explored the osmoregulatory mechanism
Apart from the stress caused due to environmental variations, mortality at lower salinities is also possible due to the imbalance in osmoregulatory mechanism
Like the shape transformation reported here, this osmoregulatory mechanism
is activated by [Ca.sup.++] and inhibited by ATP depletion (Amende and Pierce, 1980b; Pierce and Maugel, 1985; Pierce et al., 1989).
Horner reported prolactin to have a role in MD by its effect on osmoregulatory mechanisms
.6 Together with growth hormone, prolactin is now considered a major stress-induced hormone.
granulata exhibit complex osmoregulatory mechanisms
that involve the key enzymes activity in the claw muscle (Pinoni & Lopez Mananes, 2008; Pinoni & Lopez Mananes, 2009).
This demand diverts the amount of energy otherwise destined for growth to the osmoregulatory mechanisms
(SOENGAS et al., 2007).
Changes in branchial and intestinal osmoregulatory mechanisms
and growth hormone levels during smolting in hatchery-reared and wild brown trout.
Also, because osmoregulatory mechanisms
(i.e., ability to regulate salinity) are undeveloped in leptocephali, they probably spawn offshore because leptocephali aren't able to regulate the dramatic environmental changes found in typical estuarine and inshore waters.
of the mesohalophilic bacterium Bab Pp.
This study provide us to understand the osmoregulatory mechanisms
of trouts during seawater acclimation and may contribute knowledge to solve problems about adaptation.
A driving force for most osmoregulatory mechanisms
is NKA and an imbalance in the concentration of many ions is likely to affect the activity of NKA.