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osprey

(ŏs`prē), common name for a fish-eating bird of prey found near water in most parts of the world. The osprey, or fish hawk, Pandion haliaetus, has brown upperparts and a grayish white head and underparts. Its wingspread ranges from 4 to 6 ft (127 to 180 cm), depending on the subspecies. It feeds solely on live fish and is usually seen hovering over the water, into which it plunges feet first to grasp its prey. In the United States the use of DDT led to a significant drop in the osprey population by the 1960s, but after the pesticide was banned (1972) the population recovered. The birds will nest on artificial platforms, first provided in the 1960s to help protect young ospreys from predators. Ospreys are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Accipitriformes, family Pandionidae.

Osprey

 

(Pandion haliaetus), a bird of the family Accipitridae of the order Falconiformes. The osprey is about 60 cm long and weighs 1.3–1.9 kg. The plumage is brown above and brightly colored below. There are little spines under the toes to help the bird grip the slippery bodies of fish. Ospreys are widely distributed except in tropical Africa and South America. In the USSR they are found from the forest tundra to the country’s southern borders. The birds settle near lakes and streams abounding in fish. They obtain their prey by swooping down onto or, sometimes, into the water. An oil from the coccygeal gland prevents the feathers from becoming soaked. Ospreys nest in trees and, less commonly, on cliffs or on the ground. A clutch contains two or three eggs, which are incubated for about 35 days. Ospreys are becoming rare everywhere. The birds are sometimes classified as the separate family Pandionidae.

osprey

a large broad-winged fish-eating diurnal bird of prey, Pandion haliaetus, with a dark back and whitish head and underparts: family Pandioridae
References in periodicals archive ?
Sept 13 (Tues): Cardiff Blues v Llanelli Scarlets; Ospreys v Newport Gwent Dragons.
PHOTO (1 -- 2) Apprentice lineman John Berry, above, waits to attach a platform to a 40-foot Edison pole on the edge of the Sepulveda Basin wildlife refuge that is home to several ospreys.
Accompanied by Santa Barbara County Parks Department naturalist Neal Taylor, we had cruised Lake Cachuma for nearly two hours aboard the Osprey, a 50-passenger pontoon boat, searching for the elusive bald eagles.
But it proved a fifth successive Scarlets defeat and a third consecutive Ospreys win to lift them second in the RaboDirect Pro 12 table.
Biggar put over the conversion as the Ospreys led 7-0 after six minutes.
Early on the Ospreys had looked in good form considering that they were without 17 players compared to a Glasgow side buoyed by the return of seven internationals.
The long-serving winger, who was originally signed for Neath from Amman United in 1998 and has been with the Ospreys since the introduction of regional rugby in Wales, has signed a deal that will keep him at the Liberty Stadium until the end of the 2012/13 campaign.
If we avoid the freak weather events of last year, the ospreys have every chance of breeding successfully in 2013 despite being so late in laying eggs.
In their short history, the Ospreys have lifted the league title a record four times since being formed in 2003, beat a fully-loaded Leicester Tigers at Twickenham in the Anglo-Welsh Cup and were Wales' top region last season, making the Pro12 play-offs.
Morgan converted Jones' try and kicked six penalties while Canadian flanker Tylor Ardron also crossed the Zebre line to allow Ospreys scrumhalf Tito Tebaldi to celebrate a victory against his former side.
But Montpellier's bonus-point win at Sale on Friday night and Saracens' sensational comeback win over Racing Metro yesterday mean that Munster, Toulouse and both Liberty Stadium combatants, Ospreys and Leicester, will feel that nothing less than victory will do if they are to progress after next week's fixtures.
PRO DIRECT Ospreys 41 Treviso 10 THE Ospreys moved back into the PRO12 play-off places with an emphatic five-try win over Treviso at the Liberty Stadium.