Osteochondrosis

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osteochondrosis

[‚äs·tē·ō‚kän′drō·səs]
(medicine)
A disease characterized by avascular necrosis of ossification centers followed by regeneration. Also known as Calvé's disease; Kienböck's disease; Köhler's disease; Osgood-Schlatter disease; Scheuermann's disease.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Osteochondrosis

 

any one of a group of primarily inflammatory diseases of the subcartilaginous portions of long tubular bones and apophyses of short bones of the skeleton that result from specific suppurative infections, for example, tuberculosis, or—less commonly—nonspecific suppurative infections of bones and joints. Osteochondrosis can be provoked by colds and microtraumas caused by physical overexertion. In severe cases, all the bones and joints may be affected. Noninflammatory changes in bones and joints can also be classified as osteochondroses.

The clinical symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain and limited movements in the affected joints. The disease can be detected by roentgenographic examination, but no specific treatment exists. Rest and immobilization in a functionally correct position serve to prevent bone deformities, while the pain can be diminished by heat applications and treatment in a health resort.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The clinical characteristics of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the MT have not been well described and are poorly understood.
Conclusion: Line to line technique is more successful technique for initial rigid stability in cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA) for Osteonecrosis of femoral head (ONFH) in our setting.
Incidence of osteonecrosis associated with corticosteroid therapy among different underlying diseases: prospective MRI study.
Lane, "Current concepts on osteonecrosis of the femoral head," World Journal of Orthopedics, vol.
Gao, "Vitamin K2 prevents glucocorticoid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head in rats," International Journal of Biological Sciences, vol.
Radiographs of other joints including the hip, knee, and shoulder revealed no osteonecrosis. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements showed that the bone mass was 82% of young adult mean (YAM) in the lumbar spine and 81% of the YAM in the femoral neck without any use of drugs affecting bone metabolism, which did not meet the criteria for osteoporosis.
Transtrochanteric rotational osteotomy of the femoral head for the treatment of osteonecrosis. Follow-up statistics.
Introduction: Osteonecrosis is an ischemic pathologic process associated with a number of conditions affecting a range of age groups.
There is only one published report about osteonecrosis in NBD.
Osteonecrosis (ON), which involves the physiological remodeling of bone tissues [1], is thought to be caused by interruptions in blood flow, a decline in the function/number of osteoprogenitor cells, and apoptosis of the osteocytes [2-10].
Nontraumatic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH), also known as avascular necrosis, is a refractory and progressive disease that commonly affects young patients and has a poorly understood etiology and pathogenesis [1].