osteopenia


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osteopenia

[‚äs·tē·ə′pē·nē·ə]
(medicine)
The reduction in bone volume and bone structural quality.
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Additionally, It is concluded that, within Pakistani population, the prevalence of osteopenia is high even at an early age group and the odds of having LBMD are more in less educated or illiterate women.
[ClickPress, Wed Apr 24 2019] The global market for osteopenia treatment is expected to witness high growth during the forecast period.
(3) They enrolled women age 65 years or older with osteopenia of the hip and randomly assigned the participants to 4 intravenous infusions of 5 mg zoledronic acid or placebo at 18-month intervals for 6 years.
Bisphosphonates have been shown to prevent fractures in osteoporosis patients, but their effectiveness has not been well studied in patients with osteopenia alone, noted Ian R.
Reid, M.D., from the University of Auckland in New Zealand, and colleagues randomly assigned 2,000 older women (≥65 years) with osteopenia to receive four infusions of zoledronate (5 mg) or normal saline (placebo group) at 18-month intervals over six years.
According to this study osteoporosis was found in 26% of patients and osteopenia in 42%, while 32% had normal bone mineral density (BMD).
From these measurements, 73 percent of the participants were diagnosed with femoral osteopenia and 24 percent with femoral osteoporosis prior to the intervention.
A large number of women were found having Osteopenia - lower bone density than normal - because of deficiency of vitamin D and calcium.
The prevalence of osteoporosis (30%) was more in uncontrolled diabetics (86.67%), while osteopenia (32%) was present in 68.75% of uncontrolled diabetics and 31.25% of controlled diabetics.
Sufferers of osteoporosis or osteopenia and those who care for them can hear from experts from NHS Forth Valley and the National Osteoporosis Society.