Osteotomy

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osteotomy

[‚äs·tē′äd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical division of a bone.
Making a section of a bone for the purpose of correcting a deformity.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Osteotomy

 

the surgical transection of bone to correct a deformity or to reposition a dislocation. Osteotomy can be linear, transverse, oblique, or curved. It is an open operation in which an incision just large enough to introduce the cutting instrument—an osteotome, chisel, saw, or ultrasonic osteotome—is made in the soft tissues under general or local anesthesia.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two planned osteotomies are a ramus osteotomy extending just past the lingula and an anterior mandibular vertical osteotomy.
Different approaches of osteotomies possess different risks of iatrogenic injury since the structures involved are different.
Complications and outcomes of pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance.
In both sides, staggered osteotomies for remodeling and anterior cranial symmetry were done (Figure 3).
Though the causes of new TMJ symptoms in patients without preoperative symptoms are not known, one of the hypotheses proffered is the mechanical overload exerted on both the condyle and disc during manual repositioning of the ascending ramus in centric relation and during osteosynthesis, which results in excessive compression of the disc-condyle complex towards the posterior slope of the fossa, or from excessive rotation or tilting of the condyle due to bony interference between the proximal and distal bone fragments in sagittal split osteotomies, and/or from compression force elicited from osteosynthesis plates or screws.
Figure 16 shows the results of the four virtual osteotomies performed by one participant of Group II.
In larger deformities, it has been suggested to combine osteotomy with the ligament reconstruction, as separately they would be related to a higher failure rate as well as to osteotomies which do not restore the valgus.
Widening of the alar base occurs following almost all maxillary osteotomies, especially with impaction and/or advancement (6) or segmental advancement and widening (7).
Different rotational osteotomies of the proximal femur have been described for deformities in the load-bearing portion of the femur head (6, 7, 12).
Mature malunions are treated by intra-articular osteotomies or the salvage procedures.