Osteotomy

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osteotomy

[‚äs·tē′äd·ə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical division of a bone.
Making a section of a bone for the purpose of correcting a deformity.

Osteotomy

 

the surgical transection of bone to correct a deformity or to reposition a dislocation. Osteotomy can be linear, transverse, oblique, or curved. It is an open operation in which an incision just large enough to introduce the cutting instrument—an osteotome, chisel, saw, or ultrasonic osteotome—is made in the soft tissues under general or local anesthesia.

References in periodicals archive ?
Complications and outcomes of pedicle subtraction osteotomies for fixed sagittal imbalance.
Perforating intranasal osteotomies were not attempted during our study because this procedure can be unsafe due to the long distance between the access point and the end point of osteotomy.
Reports currently focus on elective foot surgery such as Chevron-type osteotomies of the first metatarsal bone [2,13].
Although the concomitant osteotomies of both the iliac and femoral bones are time-consuming and may be associated with various complications, it is associated with satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes.
Furthermore a high rate of beneficial and successful results are seen in global literature when pelvic or femoral osteotomies are combined with primary open reduction.
As rhinoplasty and osteotomies become more common, it is necessary to know the ethnic differences not only in nasal bone shape, but also in the bony structures [1].
The company stated that its BoneScalpel is a novel ultrasonic osteotome (bone cutting and compression device) used for safe tissue selective bone dissection that encourages en bloc bone removal and refined osteotomies while sparing elastic soft tissue structures.
The BoneScalpel is an ultrasonic osteotome (bone cutting and compression de vice) used for safe tissue selective bone dissection designed to encourage en bloc bone removal and refined osteotomies while sparing elastic soft tissue structures.
Whereas in osteotomies both cortical and trabecular bone material is removed in considerable quantities.
and researchers from North America, Europe, South America, and Singapore present 41 chapters that review current concepts of craniomaxillofacial trauma care and orthognathic surgery, including general aspects of bone, types and materials of implants, and principles of care, then the treatment of fractures in all areas of the craniomaxillofacial skeleton, with information on anatomy and definitions, imaging, approaches, techniques, treatment, and complications and pitfalls, as well as fixation techniques of standard osteotomies of the facial skeleton.