Ostia


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Ostia

(ŏs`tēə), ancient city of Italy, originally at the mouth of the Tiber but now inland as the Tiber delta has grown. It was founded (4th cent. B.C.) as a protection for Rome, then developed (from the 1st cent. B.C.) as a Roman port, rivaling Puteoli. Augustus, Claudius I, Trajan, and Hadrian expanded the city and harbor. From the 3d cent. A.D. the city began to decline. The ruins, of great archaeological interest, rival those of Pompeii in showing the layout of an ancient Italian city; significant excavations began only in the early 20th cent.

Ostia

 

an ancient Roman colony, commercial harbor, and naval port, located at the mouth of the Tiber River.

Remains of the oldest fortifications date from the mid-fourth century B.C. The port was rebuilt at the beginning of the empire; intensive construction was conducted under Trajan. Surrounding the port were warehouses, trading establishments, and apartment blocks.

Excavations conducted since the end of the 18th century have unearthed temples (Capitolium and others), a theater, public baths, multistory dwellings, and other structures. Ostia was known for its saltworks. The port fell into decline after the capital was transferred from Rome to Constantinople (330 A.D.), but even during the Middle Ages it maintained its strategic naval importance.

REFERENCES

Scavi di Ostia, vols. 1–4. Rome, 1953–61.
Meiggs, R. Roman Ostia. Oxford, 1960.

Ostia

an ancient town in W central Italy, originally at the mouth of the Tiber but now about 6 km (4 miles) inland: served as the port of ancient Rome; harbours built by Claudius and Trajan; ruins excavated since 1854
References in periodicals archive ?
Positions of the ostia were also observed with reference to the commissures.
10,11] In present study, among 108 half heads which were studied, accessory maxillary ostia were found in 20 (18.
ma sulla scena della vita" (44), nello sterrato polveroso vicino al mare di Ostia, palcoscenico di un'ultima ed unica disperata rappresentazione.
Portrayals of ancient Ostia are tacked on to the lower registers of the panels for Tremiti (no.
Most of the ostia (inhaling openings) are located on the upper surface of the body and are buried in the sediment (Fig.
A total of 42 maxillary ostia were available for the study and 40 procedures were completed per the procedural training.
8% of all distal involvement) Involving both ostia 41 (49.
It has evolved from relying on fluoroscopy to the use of lighted guidewires to confirm appropriate identification and cannulation of the sinus ostia.
Plans include a 'Harley Village' in the ancient port town of Ostia, a motorcycle parade to the centre of the city and exhibits by vendors.
15%) (2) and specifically the origin of all major coronary arteries from independent ostia has been reported as exceedingly rare (3).
For families on a budget, the beach suburb of Ostia is a great bargain bet.
Cities of Roman Italy; Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia.