The application of motor "mechanical" rhythm, as well as "mechanically" progressing ostinato
figures, then serves to enhance this effect.
From in-depth analysis of pertinent examples, recurring stylistic traits emerge, such as semitonal relations, third- and seventh-degree inflection, octatonic activity, tritonal polarity, sequentially treated second-inversion chords, altered Mixolydian mode (with flattened sixth) in addition to traditional modes, and multiple ostinatos
, which cut across any particular phase.
Ives writes that the movement is "an attempt to reflect those distant, almost silent sounds of nature on a quiet summer night in a forest--and perhaps some of the feelings and thoughts of a lonely old man who may be 'passing' on while the distant church bells are tolling." (8) He even mentions the importance of the horn in his notes: "In any case, the number & arrangement of instruments is at the discretion of the conductor, and so that the solo part (Horn) will not be over covered." (9) Ives paints a hazy aural picture of solitude, loneliness and quietude by writing soft ostinatos
in all the parts while the horn (and later a solo cello) plays a contemplative, wistful melody.
No amount of rhythmic irregularity and energetic ostinato
, however, can compensate for inconsistency of melodic invention.
Percussionists and guitarists play interlocking riffs and ostinatos
, constructing irresistible dance grooves out of dense polyrhythms.
connect smoothly between sections through the reinterpretation of a single pitch--E-flat across the gate, now interpreted as D-sharp--a technique not entirely foreign to classical composers, referred to as common-tone modulation in tonal contexts.
The passacaglia theme of the organ solo from the Glagolitic Mass is described as "a persistent chromaticizetl ostinato
Using these studies, pianists learn to play idiomatic piano ostinatos
of styles such as samba, bossa nova, lambada, bahia and partido alto, and artists including Joao Gilberto, Antonio Carlos Jobim, Astrud Gilberto, Gilberto Gil, Sergio Mendes and others.
The opening and closing measures present frequent shifts between fast rhythmic ostinatos
on the one hand and slower chords and sustained pitches on the other.
Usually a drummer plays these rhythmic ostinatos
throughout a section or a whole piece, and then repeats them using improvisatory variations.
Its three highly creative pieces use alternating meters, compelling ostinatos
, modal harmonies and, above all, unexpected twists and turns as the "plot" of each piece unfolds.
From in-depth analysis of pertinent examples emerge recurring stylistic traits, such as semitonal relations, third- and seventh-degree inflection, octatonic activity, tritonal polarity, sequentially 'treated second-inversion chords, altered Mixolydian mode (with flattened sixth) in addition to traditional modes, and multiple ostinatos
that cut across individual phrases.