other-directedness


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other-directedness

an attitudinal orientation or personality type in which a person's sense of social identity is dependent upon the approval of others. In the two-fold schema proposed by RIESMAN (1950), other-directedness is contrasted with inner-directedness, in which a person's behaviour and sense of social identity is mainly governed by internalized standards and conscience. Riesman's suggestion was that modern societies like the US, dominated by mass consumption, were increasingly moving towards other-direction and an anxiety-riven conformity; a fear of not fitting in (other-direction), rather than a deeper sense of‘guilt‘ or 'shame’ (inner-direction).
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Her other-directedness and ontological instability are emphasized throughout the novel, most of all during her flirtations with Arthur Russell, her quasi-suitor.
As Ho (1994) also observed, face "is a powerful mechanism underlying other-directedness, that is, acting in ways that reflect a high degree of sensitivity for how one's actions are perceived and reacted to by others" (p.
Given the theoretical considerations and previous findings, it was hypothesized that individuals who report childhood traumatic experiences would show increased evidence of maladaptive schemas, particularly interpersonal themes such as the Disconnection and Rejection, Impaired Autonomy and Performance and Other-directedness schema domains.
Beyond these three responses to the ethico-political question of the split in the Kantian "own"--critique, relatedness to Being, and the other-directedness of hope--what interests me most apropos of discouragement and hope is a fourth analysis of responding: the question of hope itself and its disappointability in Ernst Bloch.
On the other hand, researchers studying Hispanic/Latino cultures (Griggs & Dunn, 1995) found a strong sense of other-directedness, concluding that Hispanics/Latinos have a strong external locus of control.
In changing the story to Lily's search for mother in the novel, she moves her character from other-directedness to self-directedness, a hard turn left on the road to solace and spirituality, a move that parallels Kidd's own religious shift
Thus literature should be experienced, and a responsive and responsible reading evokes a creative transformation (be it in language, thought or ethics) through its singularity constituted in its inventiveness, its other-directedness.
Industrial research and advertising, playing on our other-directedness, are geared to create new demands in an accelerating cycle of turnover and obsolescence.
Furthermore, drawing on Lasch's (1979) work he makes the point that narcissism combined with other-directedness finds ideological support in a culture that fosters other-directedness because it 'entails being flexible, adaptive, and situational' (p.
Yet other than Marianne, whom we tolerate because she is seventeen and in love (but she plays the piano extremely well, which must have required much practice), and Emma, whose errors occur in the contexts of misplaced other-directedness and whom many of us love because she truly feels sorry for her errors, and she is extremely patient with and loving to her taxing father, Austen's women do not fall into the hapless and helpless category of most of today's film and novel heroines.
humanity and other-directedness, equips Inman with substantial food.