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Inflammation of the ear.



inflammation of the external, middle, or internal ear.

Otitis externa affects the skin of the auricle and external auditory meatus and proceeds with the formation of furuncles and eczema, as in other skin inflammations.

Otitis media may be acute or chronic. The acute form results from the penetration of microbes into the middle ear from the nose and nasopharynx in influenza and other infectious diseases. It occurs more often in children than in adults, because children are more susceptible to colds and adenoids. The symptoms are shooting pains in the ear, loss of hearing, elevated temperature, and suppurative discharges from the ear that often appear in the first day and sometimes even the first hours of the disease. In infants, acute otitis media causes restlessness and insomnia. The baby cries, turns its head, holds the affected ear with its hand, and refuses the breast because pain in the ear intensifies with swallowing. The inflammation is treated by tamponade with an alcoholic solution of boric acid or some other antiseptic; in some cases the tympanic membrane is punctured by paracentesis. In most cases, recovery is possible with prompt treatment. However, if the body is debilitated and other conditions are unfavorable, the disease may become chronic, in which case pus is discharged from the ear, and hearing is permanently impaired. Inflammation of the internal ear and meningitis—inflammation of the brain membranes—are possible complications.

Inflammation of the internal ear—labyrinthitis, or otitis interna—arises not only with otitis media but often in children with epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. When labyrinthitis is diffuse, all or almost all the endings of the acoustic nerve in the internal ear die, and complete or almost complete deafness results. With localized labyrinthitis hearing is partly preserved. Labyrinthitis is treated with antibiotics and surgery of the temporal bone.


Temkin, Ia. S. Ostryi otit i ego oslozhneniia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.


References in periodicals archive ?
It was found that a family history of otitis media in under-three year-olds was a risk factor for the development of auditory tube dysfunction.
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This study deals with the bacteriological study of Chronic Suppurative Otitis Media to identify and categorize various organisms isolated and to evaluate their sensitivity pattern.
According to the company, otitis externa1 is an inflammation of the ear canal that is often accompanied by ear pain, itchy ears, a strong odor and muffled hearing.
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The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Otitis Media
The most common causes of fungal otitis externa are Candida and Aspergillus spp.
The epidemiology of otitis media, and reasons for regional differences in incidence and prevalence are complex, with risk factors involving multiple host-related factors (age, gender, race, allergy, immune competence specifically related to HIV status, malnutrition, craniofacial abnormalities, genetic predisposition) and environmental factors (upper respiratory infection, seasonality, daycare, presence of siblings, tobacco smoke exposure, breastfeeding, socioeconomic status).
In an ongoing study in the Chinchilla Model of Otitis Media, Brilacidin drastically reduced the number of bacterial counts of Streptococcus pneumonia in the middle ear and had no toxic effect.
Coverage of the Otitis Media pipeline on the basis of route of administration and molecule type.
This condition is often the result of chronic otitis media with long-standing purulent otorrhea but also may be seen secondary to acute otitis media with or without otorrhea especially in children.
A swab was taken and clioquinol/flumetasone pivalate ear drops were prescribed for a working diagnosis of otitis externa.