outgroup


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outgroup

[′au̇t‚grüp]
(systematics)
A monophyletic taxon that is used in a phylogenetic study to resolve which of two homologous character states are apomorphous.
References in periodicals archive ?
wislizenii were used only as an outgroup, haplotypes were not analyzed for this species.
Examining this lack of empathy for outgroup members, Weisbuch and Ambady (2007) recorded baseball fans' voices as they read about a fellow or rival supporter who was either happy or worried.
Hewstone and colleagues (2006) found that outgroup perspectivetaking predicted intergroup forgiveness in a study of the conflict between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland.
Diabolocatantops pinguis Stenocatantops spendens Coryphistes ruricola Goniaea vocans Theornolpus pulcher / Pezotettigini Pezotettix giornae Sphenophyma rugulosa / Trauliini Traulia minuta Calliptaminae /Calliptamini Cyrtacanthacridinae / Cyrtacanthacridini Anacridium aegyptium Schistocerca gregaria Eyprepocnemidinae / Eyprepocnemidini Melanoplinae /Melanoplini Melanopus sanguinipes /Podismini Mirantella alpina /DichroUlini Scotussa lemniscata Oxyinae /Oxyini Oxya chinensis Outgroup Pyragomorpha conica Subfamily/Tribe Source Catantopinae /Unassigned Loc?
Our first set of general predictions is that contact quality will be associated with more positive evaluations of the outgroup, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally.
The OPI is a scale of outgroup prejudice based on notions of proximity developed among Christian, Muslim and secular secondary school pupils (Brockett, Village and Francis, 2010).
Therefore, through the process of self-categorization when one's social identity is salient, unfavorable traits are attributed to members of the outgroup in attempts to maintain one's self-esteem and the status of the ingroup as superior (Smith & Tyler, 1997; Tajfel & Turner, 1979, 1986; Turner, 1975).
People across the world think and feel more negatively about outgroup members (Allport, 1954; Baron & Banaji, 2006; Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwarz, 1998).
Asimismo, asume la estrategia de polarizacion ideologica -esbozada por Van Dijk (2005)- desde el reconocimiento de la enfatizacion de las virtudes y de la mitigacion de los defectos del ingroup (gobierno norteamericano y disidencia en Cuba), en contraposicion a la enfatizacion de los defectos y la mitigacion de las virtudes del outgroup (gobierno cubano).
A short version of the Ego-Vitality scale (Landry and Bourhis 1997) included six items measuring the degree to which respondents were willing to mobilise personally to improve the vitality of their own Francophone ingroup and for the Anglophone outgroup on the three dimensions of ego-vitality, namely: demographic strength, institutional control and status (C.
2009), are typically enrolled in nonintegrated schools (NICIE, 2014), and partake in cultural events that are difficult to access by outgroup members.
Previous studies have revealed that interethnic trust and outgroup tolerance are relatively low in both cities, and especially so in the more violent and polarized Kirkuk (Rydgren et al.