Dermoid

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Dermoid

 

(dermoid cyst), a developmental defect—a sacciform tumor whose wall is structurally similar to skin, containing glands (chiefly sebaceous) and hairs. The cavity is filled with a thick lardlike mass. The dermoid is a kind of teratoma. Treatment is surgical.

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The growth pattern of ovarian dermoid cysts: a prospective study in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
An ovarian dermoid cyst (DC) or a benign cystic teratoma is a benign tumor descending from germinal cells.
Large (15x10x5 cm) left sided ovarian dermoid was present which had ruptured (figure 1)
Malignant transformation of ovarian dermoid cysts is rare, with the incidence at approximately 1% to 2% of all ovarian neoplasms.
On computed tomography, right ovary showed well defined circular lesion of 115 x 105 millimeter with regular borders without calcification, uterus- normal, left ovary- normal--findings suggestive of right Ovarian Dermoid Cyst.
Two patients had ovarian dermoid where ovary was salvaged in one by doing cystectomy and in the other a salpingoophorectomy was performed.
Thornton is autoamputation and re-implantation of an ovarian dermoid cyst as a result of torsion (1,4).
Sometimes, ovarian dermoid can present with complications like, torsion (16% of ovarian teratomas), rupture (1-4%), malignant transformation (1-2%), infection (1%) and autoimmune hemolytic anaemia (< 1%) (2, 3, 4).