The emission factors were based on the combustion of ovendry wood
, similar to the design of previous LCI processes for wood combustion boilers (EPA 2003, Franklin Associates 2004, USLCI 2008).
Also, the temperatures used probably prohibited him from using anything but ovendry wood
for the tests.
Because of the low solids content of LPF adhesive, the mat moisture content of LPF5 resin (5% resin solids over ovendry wood
weight) or LPF7 (7% resin solids over ovendry wood
weight) was higher than 8.0 percent, which was considered the optimum mat moisture content for the PF and LPF particleboard.
Mill residue was commonly reported in bone dry units (BDU; 1 BDU equals 2,400 lb of ovendry wood
The recovery efficiency of bio-oil from ovendry wood
chips was 59.7 percent.
fuel has an energy content of 20.9 MJ/ kg.
of premium wood pellets from: Whole Wet Dry Ovendry wood
inputs logs coproduct coproduct Raw materials Standing timber, 1.06 - - hardwood ([m.sup.3]) Standing timber, 0.62 - - softwood ([m.sup.3]) Wet feedstock, - 477.00 - hardwood (kg) Wet feedstock, - 371.66 - softwood (kg) Dry feedstock, - - 849.28 hardwood (kg) Total wood in 850.40 848.66 849.28 pellets (kg) Wood used for 149.78 136.21 160.50 energy (kg) Total wood 1,000.18 984.87 1,009.78 (ovendry kg) Total Ovendry wood
inputs Weighted avg.
The moisture content u is the weight of water contained in wood, expressed as a ratio to the weight of the ovendry wood
= [(weight of moist wood- weight of ovendry wood
) /(weight of ovendry wood
)] x 100%
Aspen strands were used in the core layer (50% of the panel strands based on ovendry wood
weight), and white cedar strands were used in the two face layers (each layer contained 25% of the panel strands based on ovendry wood
A mix of liquid and powder phenol-formaldehyde adhesive was applied to the furnish at a rate of 7 percent of ovendry wood
At an average ovendry wood
mass of 992 pounds/ 1000 [ft.sup.2] (Msf) 3/8-inch basis of plywood, the CORRIM I study would require one metric ton of raw logs to produce 1000 [ft.sup.2] of plywood.