In addition, there is a paucity of studies on leadership styles in which age and experience of owner-managers
moderate the relationship between leadership styles of owner-managers
and employees' performance.
To introduce the factors that can boost innovative behaviour ecspecially for SMEs owner-manager
Each 10-month study/work programme comprises a group of up to 24 owner-managers
; throughout the programme each participant is supported by a mix of expertise from academics, experienced mentors and external coaching professionals, in a group of six peers.
Many Central European companies are run by dominant owner-managers
. Most of these individuals are dynamic, creative, highly-driven entrepreneurs; many have built significant enterprises from the ground up.
To determine whether the owner-manager
had acquired environmental management knowledge via training they were first asked: Have you had any specific environmental management practice training?
also expect services that meet their needs, which are numerous and vary according to the firm's activity sector or development stage, and the owner-manager
's ambitions (R.G.
Molian said the course addressed four or five key issues facing owner-managers
. It showed them how to develop their businesses by 'finding new ways of selling more of the same kind of thing to the people who like them'; it demonstrated how to set the right financial objectives; it taught them how to manage their behaviour, enabling them to stop being either 'heroes' or 'meddlers'; it showed them how to plan long-term strategies rather than dealing with day-today managing, and it made them align their own personal ambitions with the business objectives.
"For example, the owner-manager
of a small business who takes a salary of pounds 10,000 and whose company makes a net profit of pounds 10,000 that is retained, will be pounds 1,832 worse off in 2006/07 than in 2005/06.
In this part of the article the owner-manager
's attitudes to training and development are investigated.
At the heart of this money-saving operation is HRC Group's body of "virtual finance directors", a team of consultants, hand picked for their financial pedigree which give every SME owner-manager
the opportunity to have their very own finance director within their company.
Here, the owner-manager
perspective is directing both.
However, the owner-manager
's vision may be both precise and informal.