Oxidation

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oxidation

[‚äk·sə′dā·shən]
(chemistry)
A chemical reaction that increases the oxygen content of a compound.
A chemical reaction in which a compound or radical loses electrons, that is in which the positive valence is increased.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oxidation

 

in the most limited sense, the combining of any substance with oxygen. Generally speaking, “oxidation” describes any chemical reaction that basically involves the removal of electrons from atoms or ions. The most important common oxidizing agents are oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), chlorine (Cl2), fluorine (F2), potassium permanganate (KMnO4), perchloric acid (HClO4), and nitric acid (HNO3).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

oxidation

Reaction of a chemical compound with oxygen, as in a paint film in which oil reacts with oxygen to form a hard dry film.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Martinelli et al., "Creatine supplementation prevents the inhibition of myogenic differentiation in oxidatively injured C2C12 murine myoblasts," Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, vol.
The amount of oxidatively modified HDL particles (oxHDL) is associated with protein-energy wasting in patients undergoing hemodialysis [81].
In that context both the Butterfield group [46, 68] and others [69] demonstrated that UCLH1 is oxidatively modified in AD, establishing a link between the effect of oxidative stress on protein and the proteasomal dysfunction.
Winnica et al., "Oxidatively modified phosphatidylserines on the surface of apoptotic cells are essential phagocytic 'eat-me' signals: cleavage and inhibition of phagocytosis by Lp-PLA2," Cell Death and Differentiation, vol.
Olinski et al., "Biologically relevant oxidants and terminology, classification and nomenclature of oxidatively generated damage to nucleobases and 2-deoxyribose in nucleic acids," Free radical research, vol.
Involvement of beta 2-glycoprotein I and anticardiolipin antibodies in oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein uptake by macrophages.
Zhu, Electronic spectroscopy, photophysical properties, and emission quenching studies of an oxidatively robust perfluorinated platinum porphyrin, Inorg.
Oxidatively modified products of nitrogen bases: 8-hydroxyguanine, dipyrimidine adducts of adenine and guanine, and thymine glycol are responsible for point mutations in DNA, e.g.
The overall degree of crosslinking is somewhat inhibited by the vitamin E but there is no need for thermal treatment after crosslinking as it is oxidatively stable due to the presence of vitamin E throughout the process.
In the present study, we specifically investigated whether the response to oxidatively generated DNA damage is modulated during the adipogenic differentiation of hADMSCs.
Sandig et al., "Selective degradation of oxidatively modified protein substrates by the proteasome," Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, vol.
A number of relevant assays including Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, conjugated dienes, [F.sub.2]-isoprostanes (usually 8-epi-prostaglandin [F.sub.2][alpha]], and antibodies against oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein have been studied extensively.