oxidoreductase


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Related to oxidoreductase: transferase, hydrolase

oxidoreductase

[¦äk·sə·dō·ri′dək‚tās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme catalyzing a reaction in which two molecules of a compound interact so that one molecule is oxidized and the other reduced, with a molecule of water entering the reaction.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
These proteins were mainly involved in these biological functions, such as oxidoreductase activity, peroxiredoxin activity, and nitric-oxide synthase regulator activity (Figures 8(a) and 8(b)), and attributed to many different pathways, such as focal adhesion (Tables 3 and 4).
Longkong fruit has an abundant level of oxidoreductase on the pericarp and especially in the trichomes [3].
of p-Value (a) genes genes Transferase 3 9.07 x 9 5.86 x [10.sup.-5] [10.sup.-3] Oxidoreductase 7 2.16 x 13 2.21 x [10.sup.-5] [10.sup.-7] ..Oxygenase 5 1.80 x 6 2.65 x [10.sup.-5] [10.sup.-4] Biological process ..Carbohydrate 3 3.00 x 8 1.59 x metabolism [10.sup.-1] [10.sup.-3] ..Electron transport 5 1.38 x 7 3.23 x [10.sup.-4] [10.sup.-4] ..Lipid, fatty acid, 9 1.28 x 12 9.37 x and steroid [10.sup.-7] [10.sup.-6] metabolism ..Fatty acid 6 1.55 x 5 1.86 x metabolism [10.sup.-6] [10.sup.-2] ..Steroid metabolism 4 4.39 x 7 1.76 x [10.sup.-3] [10.sup.-4] ..Steroid-hormone 2 1.79 x 4 1.96 x metabolism [10.sup.-1] [10.sup.-3] (a) Bonferroni corrected.
Administration of adenosine before irradiation ameliorated xanthine oxidoreductase system and protected uric acid values.
Identification and characterization of oxalate oxidoreductase, a novel thiamine pyrophosphate-dependent 2-oxoacid oxidoreductase that enables anaerobic growth on oxalate.
Polymorphisms in oxidative stress genes NAD(P)H:quinine oxidoreductase [NQO1, GeneID 1728 (Entrez Gene 2008)] and gluthatione S-transferases M1 [GSTM1, GeneID 2944 (Entrez Gene 2008)] and P1 [GSTP1, GeneID 2950 (Entrez Gene 2008)] have been associated with a decrease on pulmonary function (Bergamaschi et al.
The mitochondrial dioxygenase gene ETHE1 encodes a mitochondrial enzyme involved in sulfide detoxification, which uses molecular [O.sub.2] and water to oxidize the mobile persulfide from quinone oxidoreductase to form sulfite, which in turn is involved in sulfur metabolism and takes part in the pathway in which [H.sub.2]S is oxidized to thiosulfate in three steps [57].
Association of multiple developmental defects and embryonic lethality with loss of microsomal NADPH- cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase. J.
It is suggested that these biological activities of [beta]-lap derive from the inhibition of DNA topoisomerase activity or the impairment of DNA repair through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation via NAD(P)H: quinine oxidoreductase 1 (Krishnan and Bastow, 2000; Reinicke et al., 2005; Bey et al., 2007; Siew et al., 2012).
Screening most commonly relies on 17-hydroxyprogesterone immunoassay, but it gives a high rate of false positives and may not provide differentiation from 2 other types of congenital adrenal hyperplasia--P450 oxidoreductase deficiency (PORD) and 11hydroxylase deficiency.
However, CHL or Chl treatment in vivo did not induce hepatic quinone reductase (NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase) or glutathione S-transferase (GST) above control levels.