Tetracyclines: Tetracyclines including oxytetracycline
, tetracycline and chlortetracycline are widely used as antibiotics especially in the veterinary field because of their broad-spectrum properties and low cost (Darwish et al., 2013).
Ferric ions (derived from blood degradation) have been shown to enhance the degradation of tetracycline HCl, oxytetracycline
, and chlorotetracycline in aqueous solutions even when no light was present (54).
S -- 100.0 100.0 I -- -- -- R 100.0 Pantoea agglomerans S -- 100.0 -- I 66.7 -- 66.7 R 33.3 -- 33.3 S: Sensitive, I: Intermediate, R: Resistant, P: Penicillin, SXT: Trimetoprim-sulphametoxazol, CXM: Cefuroxime, AMP: Ampicillin, OT: Oxytetracycline
, ENR: Enrofloxacin, XNL: Ceftiofur
logei Erythromycin (15 [micro]g) R (1.4) R (1.5) R (1.1) Enrofloxacin (5 [micro]g) I (2.5) S (3) I (2) Oxytetracycline
(30 [micro]g) I (2) S (2.9) I (2) Ampicillin (10 [micro]g) R (0) I (2.2) R (0) Kanamycin (30 [micro]g) R (1.6) I (2) R (1.3) Ciprofloxacin (5 [micro]g) I (2.5) S (2.9) I (1.8) Flumequine (30 [micro]g) I (2.4) S (3.2) S (2.6) Florphenicol (30 [micro]g) S (3.6) S (3.1) S (2.8) Streptomycin (10 [micro]g) R (0) R (0) R (0.9) Trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole (25 [micro]g) S (2.8) S (3) S (3) V.
Trimethoprim, ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, chloramphenicol, streptomicin, oxytetracycline
, amikacin and enoxacin were found effective in combating multiple drug resistant Staph.
Class Compound Antibiotics Anhydroerythromycin Macrolides Azithromycin Clarithromycin Ciprofloxacin Enrofloxacin Quinolones Norfloxacin Sarafloxacin Acetylsulfamethoxazole Sulfachloropyridazine Sulfadiazine Sulfadimethoxine Sulfonamides Sulfamerazine Sulfamethazine Sulfamethizole Sulfamethoxazole Sulfamethoxydiazine Sulfathiazole Chlortetracycline Tetracyclines Oxytetracycline
Tetracycline Other PPCPs Acetaminophen Caffeine Carbamazepine Diclofenac Iopamidol Trimethoprim Bupropion Paroxetine Sertraline Venlafaxine TABLE 2: Percent false negatives in spiked environmental matrices at different tolerance ranges for all 30 PPCPs.
(OTC) accumulation and elimination in hemolymph, muscle and hepatopancreas of white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei following an OTC-feed therapeutic treatment.
Liang, "Effects of soil trituration size on adsorption of oxytetracycline
on soils," Environmental science, vol.
coli was amoxicillin, cefuroxime, florfenicol, enrofloxacin, oxytetracycline
and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (in 5 isolates); for [beta]-hemolytic E-coli this phenotype was oxytetracycline
and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (in 4 isolates); and for Salmonella spp.
For each metaphylactic group (without antimicrobial; oxytetracycline
; and tildipirosin) the number of cattle with or without BRD is given, followed by the number of lesions reported in the lungs during the inspection.
reported the preparation of graphene oxide/cellulose nanofibril hybrid aerogel for adsorptive removal of four kinds of antibiotics, achieving the removal percentages of 81.5%, 79.5%, 79.1%, and 73.9% for doxycycline, chlortetracycline, oxytetracycline
, and tetracycline, respectively.
Stock solutions of antimicrobials used in animal feeds (chlortetracycline and oxytetracycline
) and clinical applications were filtered, sterilized, prepared, and infused onto Mueller-Hinton (MH) agar plates (Krumperman, 1983).