pagoda


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pagoda

(pəgō`də), name given in the East to a variety of buildings of tower form that are usually part of a temple or monastery group and serve as shrines. Those of India (see stupastupa
[Sanskrit,=mound], Buddhist monument in tumulus, or mound, form, often containing relics. The words tope and dagoba are synonymous, though the latter properly refers only to a Sinhalese Buddhist stupa.
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) are chiefly pyramidal structures of masonry, tapering to an apex and elaborately adorned with carving and sculpture. In China the pagoda, derived from India, is one of the most characteristic architectural types and in general is devoted to sacred usage. Octagonal, hexagonal, or square in plan, they are built in superimposed stories, sometimes as many as 15; from each story projects an upward-curving tiled roof. The material most commonly used is brick, often faced with slabs of glazed and colored tile. A few date back to the T'ang dynasty (A.D. 618–906). In Japan the pagodas were introduced from China with Buddhism. They are usually square in plan and five stories high, each story having its projecting roof. Generally made of wood, they exhibit superb carpentry craftsmanship. The Horyu-ji tower near Nara, of the 7th cent., is a noted example.

Pagoda

A multistory shrine-like tower: originally a Buddhist monument crowned by a stupa. The stories may be open pavilions of wood with balconies and pent roofs of diminishing size with corbeled cornices.

Pagoda

 

a type of Buddhist religious structure in the Far East. Repositories of Buddhist relics, pagodas serve as memorials and also mark “holy” places. Some are in the form of pavilions or towers (often many-tiered), and others are in the form of obelisks. Usually four-, six-, eight-, or 12-sided, they may be built of wood, brick, stone, or metal. The pagoda as a type of architecture developed during the early centuries of the Common Era in China and later spread to Vietnam, Korea, and Japan.

REFERENCE

Boerschmann, E. Die Baukunst und religiöse Kultur der Chinesen, vol. 3, part 1: Pagoden. [Berlin] 1931.

pagoda

A multistoried shrine-like tower, originally a Buddhist monument crowned by a stupa. Stories may be open pavilions of wood with balconies and pent roofs (prevalent in Japan) or built-in masonry, of diminishing size with corbeled cornices.

pagoda

an Indian or Far Eastern temple, esp a tower, usually pyramidal and having many storeys
References in periodicals archive ?
In the years spent on the project they saw practically no Western or Asian tourists as they measured, documented and indexed nearly 3,400 pagodas.
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WATER 3FEATURES The gardens TRANQUIL JArtist's impression of the Qianqiu pavilion HIGH LIFE 3The pagoda MAIN STREET nColourful shops and restaurants
Aung San Suu Kyi, on her first visits outside Yangon since she was released from seven years of house arrest last year, visited four famous pagodas in Bagan on Tuesday with her son Kim.
The walk was initiated by Nipponzan Myohoji, New England Peace Pagoda, a Buddhist order originating in Japan that builds peace pagodas around the world.
A restored pool on the site Code: ph080211garden-8 The Chinese Pagoda paintwork has been touched up and a new roof laid
Pagoda Lodge, Longhirst, is for sale through We Can Group at offers over pounds 499,950, tel 0191 499 0990.
Country: , ChinaSector: PharmaceuticalsTarget: Nanjing MeiRui Pharma Co Ltd Buyer: GlaxoSmithKline plc (GSK) Vendor: Allergon AB, Pagoda Pharmaceuticals LimitedDeal size in USD: 70mType: Corporate acquisitionFinancing: CashStatus: Agreed