Palatalization

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Related to palatalized: palletized, Palatalized consonants
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Palatalization

 

(also softening of consonants), a secondary articulation that involves raising the middle part of the back of the tongue to the hard palate to modify the basic articulation of consonants. Palatalization may be combined with any basic consonantal articulation except dorsal. Since the position of the tongue in palatalization is similar to its position in forming the vowel [i], palatalized consonants have an [i]-vowel coloring. Acoustically, palatalization involves the creation of pitches of a higher frequency.

Palatalization is widespread in many languages before front vowels, especially [i]. It is very important in Russian, since it serves as a distinctive feature of phonemes, as in luk (“onion”) and liuk (“hatch”).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is interesting to observe that Meskank (2001) uses the character f for palatalized r, which was used up to the early 20th century, but it is no longer used in the actual orthography.
Secondly, the "soft" consonants do not form a phonologically natural class: they include the "phonetically soft" (i.e., palatal or palatalized) consonants ([??], [??], [??], [??], [??], [??], and [j]), the so-called "functionally soft" consonants which were once soft but have become depalatalized ([??], [??], [??], amd [??]), as well as [v] and [l].
Though I personally wonder about the IPA symbols selected for the closed and open /e/, and would wish to look more closely at the four palatals/'palatalizeds', Mathiassen is not alone in his views, and his is a careful, objective, and in no way dogmatic, presentation.
Although the superscript [j] is commonly encountered (especially in older literature) as a diacritic meaning "palatalized," the symbols [c] and [[??]] as allophones of /k/ and /g/ serve the same purpose.
diphthongs, affricates, palatalized and non-palatalized consonants, accented and non-accented vowels were modeled as distinct phonetic units.
Irish has a persistent phonemic contrast between velarized (so-called "broad") and palatalized (so-called "slender") consonants; in transcription, broad consonants are left unmarked while slender consonants are indicated by the prime (').
But as regards Watson's claim concerning the total absence of palatalized [k], i.e.
The majority of consonants come to have four variants: plain, palatalized, labialized and labialized palatalized.
It is not certain if the latter is a true palatal stop or a palatalized velar, but the contrast with plain velars is clear since it goes in two directions, becoming a /*k/ in PKxMt and a /*c/ in PPD.
c) the consonant of the base or [i] is palatalized: i.e.
(39) A phonological process described by Krejnovic (1958:146-149) takes effect here conditioning the occurrence of the palatalized plosive as a result of the interaction between the liquid of the passive suffix and the approximant of the person ending.