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In Italy, a palace; any impressive public building or private residence.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a type of urban palace characteristic of the Italian Renaissance that arose in the 15th century. Palazzi were initially built chiefly in Florence, by architects who included F. Brunelleschi, Michelozzo di Bartolommeo, L. B. Alberti, and Benedetto da Maiano. The term palazzo (Italian, derived from Latin palatium) comes from the Palatine Hill, on which the ancient Roman emperors built their palaces.

A classical palazzo was a three-story, or more rarely a two-or four-story, building that faced the street. Its compositional center was an inner courtyard surrounded by arched colonnades. Servants’ quarters were located on the ground floor, reception rooms on the second, and living quarters on the third. The early palazzi, distinguished by their forbidding, monolithic size and their austere facades (with massive rusticated stonework), still preserved certain features of the medieval castle.

In the 16th century, palazzi were built in Rome and Florence by Bramante, G. da Sangallo, A. da Sangallo, Raphael, B. Peruzzi, Michelangelo, B. Buontalenti, and B. Ammanati. Palladio designed palazzi in Vicenza and M. Sanmicheli designed them in Verona. The palazzi of the 16th century made greater use of classical orders and sometimes of sculpted ornamentation. Their architectural composition was often integrally related to their urban surroundings, and the contrast between the facade and the inviting inner courtyard was lessened. Many palazzi had specific local features, such as the festive picturesqueness of Venetian palazzi designed by J. Sansovino and other architects and the dynamic spatial composition of Genoese palazzi by such architects as G. Alessi.


Vseobshchaia istoriia arkhitektury, vol. 5. Moscow, 1967.
Chierici, G. Il palazzo italiano dal secolo XI al secolo XIX. Milan, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


In Italian cities, a large, separate dwelling, often lavish; one of the major categories into which the Italianate style is often divided.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
For busty women, pair a plain top with printed chiffon palazzos for a cool evening look.
Coco Chanel took a fancy to palazzo pants while cruising around the seaside resort of Deauville in the 1920s, while Hollywood stars of the '30s and '40s would lounge in them on set in between takes.
In those years before Yves Saint Laurent made it permissible for women to wear trousers in the city in the 1960s, palazzo pants were the go-to item for relaxed lounge wear and resort dressing.
The daunting banking palazzos of history, with their Byzantinely hierarchical layers of staff are now being rationalized and replaced by smaller operations, with reduced face to face contact.
This new bank in Borken is a thoughtful response to recent changes in banking practice, evolving from the palazzo model to modern, streamlined institutions.
Her Center Hall Colonials, Italian Palazzos or Arts & Crafts houses include Genkan rooms, where shoes are removed, Japanese baths, where there are separate areas for cleaning and for bathing, and Tatami rooms, where the tea ceremony can be performed.
Her reach extends from Tarrytown to Tokyo, with projects as diverse as a Gothic castle in Westchester and an Italian Palazzo in Japan.